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Social Media Is About Sociology And Psychology Essay On Memory

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Sociology and Psychology - Research Paper by Xxxtina

Sociology and Psychology Essay

Sociologists - interested in all the elements that contribute to making a society; try to understand behaviour of individuals in society
-examine institutions (family, church, school) why they become members of different groups, how affected by them
-believe institutions influence the behaviours of their members, and institutions hold society together
-concerned with human group behaviour, what causes groups to form, what the consequence of membership is

A. Comte – father of sociology, came up with the term

E. Durkheim - believed that all people are naturally bad
- without social institutions people were animals
- argued that without social institutions it would be chaos. They are necessary.

K. Marx - theorized communism
- believed that the most influential social institution is money → it influences your job, how people think of you
- didn’t like religion because he believed it teaches people to like with oppression that more powerful people put on them
- believed rich controlled the poor and the poor would overthrow the rich and still be unhappy
Marginalizational Theory – believes that society is controlled by the minority

• Explains why people who stay on the margins can’t become successful
• Marx argued that the rich controlled the social institutions to keep the rich rich and the poor poor
• Why is there so little movement between least and most powerful people
• If you have all the traits, you have a better chance at being possible
• There are things you have to overcome to become powerful
Normalization – (the characteristics above go through this) these characters become seen as normal by society. Normal is considered as
good, so whatever characteristics you don’t have above are considered inferior
• The most powerful way to control a group of people is for them to believe and internalize the stereotypes of themselves
→ how normalization starts

Psychiatrists – for chemical.

Other articles

Sociology books and publications - Sociology, The University of York

Department of Sociology Sociology books and publications Books written or edited by members of the Department of Sociology Gender, Modernity and Male Migrant Workers in China: Becoming a 'Modern' Man

Examining Chinese male migrant workers’ identity formation, this book explores their experience of rural-urban migration and their status as an emerging sector of a dislocated urban working class. It seeks to understand issues of gender and class through the rural migrant men’s narratives within the context of China’s modernization, and provides an in-depth analysis of how these men make sense of their new lives in the rapidly modernizing, post-Mao China with its emphasis on progress and development. Further, this book uses the men’s own narratives to challenge the elite assumption that rural men’s low status is a result of their failure to adopt a modern urban identity and lifestyle. Drawing on interviews with 28 male rural migrants, Xiaodong Lin unpacks the gender politics of Chinese men and masculinities, and in turn contributes to a greater understanding of global masculinities in an international context.

The Sociology of Health and Medicine: A Critical Introduction (2nd edn)

The second edition has been rigorously updated and includes new content to take account of recent theoretical developments and research evidence. New to this edition are discussions of globalization, neoliberalism and the commercialization of healthcare, medicalization, and the new morality of health. Chapter by chapter, the book critically examines hotely debated topics such as the patterning of health by socio-economic status, gender and ethnicity, embodiment and the experience of illness, changes in global health systems, the health professions in transition, and the contemporary organisation and provision of care to patients.

Sociology for Pharmacists

Sociology for Pharmacists: An Introduction is written specifically for professionals and students in pharmacy who are newcomers to the study of sociology. It introduces the key concepts of sociology and demonstrates their importance and application to pharmacy practice in the 21st century. It is unique in its role as the only text to introduce sociology specifically to pharmacists.

Rather than an exhaustive treatment, the book provides a concise introduction to major perspectives in sociology-drawing on research evidence pertaining to health, illness, and professional practice-which will inform and enhance pharmacy practice. It offers an overview of sociology for rather than sociology of pharmacy, and will both inform practitioners and stimulate informed research into the social aspects of pharmacy practice.

The Body in Everyday Life, Routledge

We all have a body, but how does it impact upon our day to day life? This book sets out to explore how ordinary women, men and children talk about their bodies, through four central themes:-

  • physical and emotional bodies
  • illness and disability
  • gender
  • ageing

A coherent collection of such empirical research, The Body in Everyday Life provides an accessible introduction to the sociology of the body, a field previously dominated by theoretical or philosophical accounts.

The everyday lives of recovering heroin users

This book is based on an ESRC funded research project which investigated the personal accounts from 40 recovering heroin users. It is primarily gives voice to users and is also primarily written for those experiencing recovery - either as former users or those supporting them. It gives insight into the psychological, physiological, and emotional journeys as they overcome their addiction. Ultimately, they are human stories that reveal their everyday aspirations: recovering heroin users want to participate and feel valued as productive members of society. In the words of several interviewees, they just want to feel "normal".

Power Pain and Dentistry, Open University Press

This text presents a genealogy of dentistry. It is about relations between dental power and dental knowledge. Drawing on the work of Michel Foucault, the central concept on which the book is based is that of disciplinary power and the associated notions of surveillance, monitoring and normalization. The routine practices of the profession of dentistry provide a tangible example of these ideas. Furthermore, it is argued that "prevention" forms the conceptual and practical base of dentistry and as such it has much in common with public health. The book should be of interest to medical sociologists, health educators, historians and dentists.

Sociology of Health and Illness Reader

The Sociology of Health and Illness Reader brings together some of the best examples of recent sociological studies on health, illness and health care. The volume emphasizes the empirical nature of medical sociology and its relationship with the development of sociological theory. It thus presents an array of substantive topics viewed from a range of contemporary theoretical positions. Reflecting the key areas of medical sociology, the chapters are organized into five sections: ′Bodies′, ′Health and Risk′, ′Experiencing Illness′, ′Social Patterning of Health and Illness′ and ′Health Care Work′. Each area is introduced by the editors, who provide an overview of the topic and highlight key developments. Although the chapters cover a wide range of topics, they all deal with issues pertinent to health and illness in the twenty–first century, and draw upon broader sociological debates around notions of risk, reflexivity, flexibility, uncertainty and late modernity. The book includes an extensive introduction that provides the student with an orientation to the field.

Looking In and Speaking Out. Introspection, Consciousness, Communication

The authors argue it is essential to examine the linguistic and communicative practices that are used in the production of introspective data, and thereby make an important contribution to debates about how we may study experience that are relevant to a wide range of disciplines.

The book has three objectives. It offers an account of the way in which contemporary researchers are employing introspection methodologies; it argues for the importance of viewing introspective data as discourse, and illustrates this via discussion of research findings in four substantive chapters; and it outlines new directions for research and theorising on introspection and consciousness which will have implications for a range of psychological and social science disciplines.

The State of Race

What can be said of the state of race? Or more specifically what can be said about the nature of the contemporary racial state and its expression of racisms in a conjuncture which declares racism is a relic? Grappling with claims to the 'postracial' in the context of an advanced neoliberal political economy which pursues heightened securitization and militarization of society like never before, this collection reflects on forms of racism at the beginning of the 21st Century, centering on the role of the state. Focusing largely on the British racial state the contributions consider theoretical issues such as the nature of postraciality, racial neoliberalism, the state of multiculturalism and whiteness, alongside the functioning of state institutions and policy concerning the military, education, community surveillance, asylum and extradition.


Memorylands is an original and fascinating investigation of the nature of heritage, memory and understandings of the past in Europe today. It looks at how Europe has become a ’memoryland’ – littered with material reminders of the past, such as museums, heritage sites and memorials; and at how this ‘memory phenomenon’ is related to the changing nature of identities – especially European, national and cosmopolitan. In doing so, it provides new insights into how memory and the past are being performed and reconfigured in Europe – and with what effects.

The examples in Memorylands are drawn from both the margins and metropolitan centres, from the relatively small-scale and local, the national and the avant-garde. The book looks at pasts that are potentially identity-disrupting – or ‘difficult’ – as well as those that affirm identities or offer possibilities for transcending national identities or articulating more cosmopolitan futures. Topics covered include authenticity, temporalities, embodiment, commodification, nostalgia and Ostalgie, the musealization of everyday and folk-life, Holocaust commemoration and tourism, narratives of war, the heritage of Islam, transnationalism, and the future of the past.

Memorylands is engagingly written and accessible to general readers as well as offering a new synthesis for advanced researchers in memory and heritage studies. It is essential reading for those interested in identities, memory, material culture, Europe, tourism and heritage.

Popular Culture and New Media: The Politics of Circulation

Popular culture and new media are deeply interwoven, yet they are often thought of as separate spheres. This book explores the material and everyday intersections between popular culture and new media. Using a range of interdisciplinary resources the chapters open up a series of hidden dimensions – including objects and infrastructures, archives, algorithms, data play and the body – that force us to rethink our understanding of culture as it is today. Through an exploration of its intersections with new media, this book reveals the centrality of data circulations in the formation, organization and relations of popular culture. It shows how digital data accumulate as a result of our routine engagements with culture. It then examines the ways that these data fold-back into culture through algorithmic process, through play and through mediated bodily experiences. The book asks how we might conceptualize and understand culture as it continues to be reshaped by these recursive circulations of data.

Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights

Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights is the first book-length study of the Court’s jurisprudence in respect of sexual orientation. It offers a socio-legal analysis of the substantial number of decisions and judgments of the Strasbourg organs on the wide range of complaints brought by gay men and lesbians under the European Convention on Human Rights. Providing a systematic analysis of Strasbourg case law since 1955 and examining decades of decisions that have hitherto remained obscure, the book considers the evolution of the Court’s interpretation of the Convention and how this has fashioned lesbian and gay rights in Europe.

New Directions in Crime and Deviancy

In New Directions in Crime and Deviancy some of the world's most talented and polemic critical criminologists come together to offer new ideas and new avenues for analysis. The book contains chapters that address a broad range of issues central to twenty-first critical criminology; ecological issues and the new green criminology; the broad impact of neoliberalism upon our cultural and economic life; recent signs of political resistance and opposition; sytemic and interpersonal forms of violence; growing fear and enmity i cities; the backlash against the women's movement; the subjective pathology of the serial killer; computer hacking and so on.

‘Race’, Culture and the Right to the City Centres, Peripheries, Margins

‘Race’, Culture and the Right to the City offers a clear and critical account of the spread of ‘racial’ and ethnic diversity from historic central city districts to a range of sites on the periphery of the metropolis. The text adopts an international and interdisciplinary approach and explores immigration and cultural life in London, Paris and New York, drawing upon primary and secondary research. Crucially the book examines the role that ‘race’ and racism continue to play in structuring the city at a multiplicity of levels. The spatialized perspective of the book is inspired by Henri Lefebvre’s work on the production of space and the right to the city. As such a contrast is drawn between the politically explosive inner cities of the 20th century and the neglected, alienated ‘outer-inner cities’ found on the edges of the contemporary global city.

Linking debates in ‘racial’ and ethnic studies to wider concerns with the city and the urban this accessible text will appeal to postgraduate students and academics in sociology, human geography, urban studies, ‘race’ and ethnic studies and cultural studies.

Home Ownership in a Risk Society: A Social Analysis of Mortgage Arrears and Possessions

The emergence of high levels of unsustainable home ownership has consequences for many areas of social and public policy, including: the economy; public health; social security reform; and family policy. This book argues that the emergence of unsustainable owner-occupation is emblematic of broader changes in contemporary society associated with the emergence of what commentators such as Beck and Giddens have characterised as a "risk society".

The Easternization of the West:
A Thematic Account of Cultural Change in the Modern Era

In this book, Colin Campbell shows that the civilization of the West is undergoing a revolutionary process of change, one in which features that have characterized the West for two thousand years are in the process of being marginalized, to be replaced by those more often associated with the civilizations of the East. Moving far beyond popular trends, Campbell assembles a powerful range of evidence to show how Easternization has been building throughout the last century.

The Romantic Ethic And The Spirit Of Modern Consumerism

Walter Mitty, Billy Liar, taste, fashion, bohemianism, dandyism, hedonism and advertising - this book casts its net wide to develop a new theory of consumerism and a new interpretation of the cultural history of modern society. Colin Campbell shows how fashion and the addiction to novelty, the crucial features of modern patterns of consumption, have their cultural origins in sentimentalism and the spirit of Romanticism, systems of belief which with their ethos of hedonism and pleasure-seeking reversed the Protestant ethic.

Heterosexuality: A Feminism and Psychology Reader

Leading feminists, psychologists and activists explore the personal and political implications of heterosexuality and of heterosexuality as an institution. They consider the extent to which feminism and heterosexuality are compatible and the complex interrelationships between sexual behaviour, categories and identities. Acknowledging the interactions between heterosexism and other oppressions, they point to the contradictions between heterosexual desire and coercion, between heterosexual privilege and women's traditional role within the family.

New Media: The Key Concepts

This book draws on writings by leading social and cultural theorists to assemble vocabulary to help us understand today's digital media. It addresses six key concepts that are pivotal for understanding the impact of new media on contemporary society and culture: information, network, interface, interactivity, archive and simulation. Each concept is considered through a range of concrete examples to illustrate how they might be developed and used as research tools.

Digital Welfare for the Third Age

This book is about the ways digital technology can contribute to the welfare of older people. The Internet, mobile phones and other technologies have changed how we live and work. Such technologies also shape how services for older people are organised in ways that potentially place carers and older people at the centre of service provision. Telecare can make homes ‘smart’ so that they are more comfortable and less risky for people who can take advantage of devices that help make them independent members of their community.

The Sociology of Health and Illness

This second edition will prove invaluable to anyone looking for a clear and accessible introduction to key debates within the sociology of health and illness. The book integrates the core tenets of traditional medical sociology with some fresh insights from the current literature and includes discussions of the new genetics, food and eating, e-health, the MMR debate, embryo stem cell research, recent approaches to health inequalities, and the health implications of the information age.

Health, Technology and Society: A Sociological Critique

This book looks at a range of current innovative health technologies, asking what the impetus is behind these systems, how they compare with and relate to the long tradition of health technology, and what new questions they pose for healthcare providers, users and regulators. In doing so, it explores how far new health technologies change the boundaries between the body, health, technology relationship, and assess the contribution a critical social science can make towards our understanding of this shift.

A Companion to Museum Studies (Greek Edition)

Winner of Choice Award for Outstanding Academic Title in 2007, the Companion to Museum Studies has now been published in Greek. It captures the multidisciplinary approach to the study of the development, roles, and significance of museums in contemporary society. Bringing together first–rate original essays by leading figures from a range of disciplines and theoretical stances, including anthropology, art history, history, literature, sociology, cultural studies, and museum studies, it examines the complexity of the museum from cultural, political, curatorial, historical and representational perspectives. It covers traditional subjects, such as space, display, buildings, objects and collecting, as well as more contemporary challenges such as visiting, commerce, community and experimental exhibition forms

The Language of Mediums and Psychics:
The Social Organization of Everyday Miracles

This book presents the first sustained study of the verbal interaction between the various kinds of psychic practitioners and their clients. Using conversation analysis Robin Wooffitt examines the structure of the interaction, focusing on the ways in which psychic practitioners establish the genuineness of their claimed paranormal powers. The book adopts a neutral standpoint and raises important issues about the use of the social sciences to understand not only the activities of psychic practitioners, but other kinds of paranormal phenomena.

Young Citizens in the Digital Age:
Political Engagement, Young People and New Media

Low voter turnout among 18-25 year olds is not proof that young people are not interested in politics but is evidence that they are becoming politically socialized within a new media environment.This shift poses a significant challenge to politicians who increasingly have to respond to a technologically mediated lifestyle politics that celebrates lifestyle diversity, personal disclosure and celebrity. This book explores alternative approaches for engaging and understanding young people’s political activity.

Doing Women's Studies: Employment Opportunities,
Personal Impacts and Social Consequences

The great expansion of the European Union will further affect the employment opportunities of women. This book explores the complex inter-relationship between women's employment, the institutionalization of equal opportunities, and Women's Studies training. Drawing on extensive empirical evidence, it reveals significant differences amongst specific European countries and comes up with some startling findings about women's actual experiences of the job market.

Contemporary Black and Asian Women Playwrights in Britain

The volume explores how Black and Asian women playwrights theatricalize their experiences of migration, displacement, identity, racism and sexism in Britain. The volume analyses concerns such as geographies of un/belonging, reverse migration (in the form of tourism), sexploitation, arranged marriages, the racialization of sexuality, and asylum seeking as they emerge in the plays, and argues that Black and Asian women playwrights have become constitutive subjects of British theatre.

Community Informatics: Shaping Computer-Mediated Social Networks

Community groups, social support networks, voluntary agencies and government organisations are all actively exploring the potential of the new information and communication technologies to bring about democratic development and renewal. A rich variety of social experiments in what has become known as Community Informatics is now beginning to provide useful research findings and exciting examples of innovative applications.

Conversation Analysis and Discourse Analysis:
A Comparative and Critical Introduction

This significant text by Robin Wooffitt is the first to systematically examine the complex relationship between conversation analysis and discourse analysis. This book shows how the methods and findings of conversation and discourse analysis may inform the development of empirical research questions. It will therefore be an invaluable resource for social science students on courses which require them to undertake practical or empirical exercises.

The infanticide controversy: primatology and the art of field science

As a detailed study of the scientific method and its application to field research, "The Infanticide Controversy" sheds new light on our understanding of scientific practice, focusing in particular on the challenges of working in 'natural' environments, the relationship between objectivity and interpretation in an observational science, and the impact of the public profile of primatology on the development of primatological research.

Celebrity Culture and Crime: The Joy of Transgression

This book engages with the concept of celebrity and its relationship with crime through criminals who become celebrities (criminal celebrities) and celebrities who become criminals (rogue celebrities). Drawing on a range of case studies, Foucault's theory of governmentality is used to examine the influence of celebrated criminals as a controlling force in contemporary society, examining high profile criminals and celebrities.

Departmental publications