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Lower Secondary English essays

Animals may have moments of pleasure but only man has got a lot to do with it. It is through our sense organs that we enjoy pleasure. The sense of smell, sight, hearing, touch and taste each brings pleasure. Even the baby as soon as it is born feels the pleasure of sucking and the comfort of being cuddled in the wads of cloth in the mother's lap. But for the pleasing smell we will not be able to enjoy our food. We are thrilled by the sight of ice capped mountains or the roaring water falls of the Niagara. So they are the senses that help us to get pleasure.

There is no end to the sources of pleasure. But reading for pleasure belongs to a higher order and stands as a category by itself. While external things bring pleasure to the sense organs, reading brings pleasure to the mind. Greater the mind is cultured, greater will be the derived from reading for reading makes a full man.

Reading is the end product of writing. Unless there is something written one cannot read. So good writing is a concomitant of reading. Man alone can write, in other words put his ideas in black and white. In fact even before printing came into being man was writing and it is as old as modern civilization. Man can preserve his thoughts and ideas through writing. Thus the whole world of literature is there far one to read.

Now reading material is available for all tastes. A scholar may go through serious writing for the sake of enriching his knowledge. Another may read a magazine or a picture book for whiling away the
time. One chooses the reading material according to his moods, his literary background, the time at his disposal and the purpose if any. A teenager may like stories of romance and an old man may prefer books on philosophy and religion. Some gifted with imagination and the faculty to reflect may read poetry.

One who takes pleasure in reading always tries to build his library. Very often a good library may serve the purpose.

The greatest advantage in reading is when one comes across great minds. Whether you agree with what is there to read or do not agree there will not be any quarrel. You may pronounce your judgement on the writer. There will be no harm if your judgment is silent and not published.

Given the proper atmosphere like a good silent place, soft light and comfortable seat, one can read and read and enjoy it.

There are great masters of writing in all great languages of the world. English Language abounds in such great authors. Again it may be poetry, novel, fiction, drama, travelogue, and letters. Biographies and autobiographies, form a sizable part. In these days of rush good magazines supply the material for reading. For example, one may cite the Reader's Digest.

In order to enjoy reading, one must cultivate that habit. Reading is not the 'be all' and `end all' of life. Yet, it can be ennobling. There is dignity in reading habit.

Other articles

Research Sense Organs: Embryonic Development

Sense Organs: Embryonic Development - Research Article from World of Anatomy and Physiology

The human senses, which include sight, smell. hearing, and balance, develop primarily from the outermost tissue layer (called the ectoderm ) during embryogenesis as highly specialized organs. These organs (the eyes, nose. and ear) appear as regions on the surface of the developing embryo called placodes, which are connected to the central nervous system. Placodes can be subdivided into two major groups. Each group has a pre-determined fate in terms of the specific tissues it gives rise to. For example, one group develops into organs related to the inner ear, the lens of the eye. and the olfactory sensory epithelium (tissues related to the sense of smell). The other group develops into a complex array of nerve cells and tissues that are wired to the brain .

The eye is one of the most complex structures of the sensory organs. Various signaling molecules or.

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Sense Essay by

Sensory system is a system in human organism which is responsible for origin of sense when some corresponding irritant is acting. It provides usage of characteristics of environment for behavior organization Sensory system includes a receiver (which transforms energy of external irritant into nerve energy. conductive paths (inside of which this nerve energy passes ) and central (brain ) ending (where transformation of nerve energy into sense takes place

Sense is a reflection of characteristics of subjects in objective world which appears during their direct influence the receptors. Usually we

br distinguish five sensory systems. They are hearing (sound. sense (tactile /skin ) touch. sight (vision. taste and smell

In the hierarchy of five senses sense of touch usually takes last place as the most rude and low-lying. whereas the higher places are given to sight and hearing. Still. I want to tell about sense of touch. It is (as it directly perceived its subject via touch ) the most contact of all senses - together with taste. Touch doesn 't leave place to sign. because is directly leads the thing to organ of its perceiving. to the borders of body. the receptors of skin

Sense of touch is a complex of senses. which appear during irritation of several kinds of skin receptors. Different receptors react in different way. some of them perceive temperature irritants. some of them - touch and pressure at skin (tactile receptors. Receptors of touch (tactile receptors ) can be of several kinds also. one of them are very sensible and are stimulated when you press skin at your hand for 0 .1 micrometer only the others react only after strong pressure. In average for 1 sq cm there are approximately 25 tactile receptors. although at the skin of face. fingers and tongue there are much more receptors. Besides. hair which covers 95 of our body is also sensible to touch. There is a tactile receptor at the base of each such hair

Information from all there receptors is collected into spinal cord and by conductive paths of white substance it reaches nuclear of thalamus and from there reaches higher center of tactile sensibility - area of back central convolution of cerebral cortex of big hemispheres

Usually blind people have well-developed sense of touch. Thanks to it they have possibility to get acquainted with different objects of environment. Perceiving receptors which are located at our feet help us to orient in space during running. walking. standing. etc. Sense of touch allows us preventing many damages of our body. When we touch something very sharp or very hot. we reflexively move away from the irritant

DATE. September 12. 04.

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Indriyas, the Sense Organs

Indriyas, the Sense Organs

In Sanskrit, the senses are known as Indriyas, or the agents of Indra, the lord of the heaven. In Hinduism they represent the pleasure principle and considered divinities or gods in the microcosm of the body. The tradition recognizes 15 senses namely five organs of action (karmendriyas), five organs of perception (jnanendriyas) and five subtle senses (tanmatras). The mind is Indra, their ruler.

The number of senses

The karmendiryas are the anus (payu), the sexual organs (upasta), the legs (pada), the hands (pani), and the speech (vak). They are responsible for the bodily functions and movements. The Jnanendriyas are the eyes (chaksu), the ears (srotra), the nose (ghrana), the tongue (rasana) and the skin (tvacha). In many accounts, these ten constitute the sense organs (13.5. Then there is the mind, or the manas, which is also likened to a sense in the Bhagavadgita, "manahsasthani indriyani" (15.7). It is the controller of the senses, because the senses act according to its instructions and intentions. In symbolic terms, it is likened to Indra, the ruler of the heavens, while the gods are likened to the five senses.

Apart from the above, some accounts include the subtle senses (tanmatras) which are the sensations or the impressions created by the organs of perception by which we experience the objective world and make sense of it. They are the form (rupa), the sound (sabda), the smell (gandha), the taste (rasa) and the touch (sparsa).

The importance of the senses

The senses extend the body beyond its normal reach. With hands you can extend your reach to a limited distance. You can use the feet to walk for long distances, but still your reach is limited. However, with the organs of perception your reach extends far beyond. For example, you can hear the thunder from miles away and see the stars and galaxies which are situated billions of miles away from our planet. In the blink of your eye, you can see the sun and the moon. The eyes give us the ability to see the heaven and the earth. No wonder, they are considered the windows of the soul. Imagine how life would have been without the senses. The mind would not have adequately developed, and the intelligence would have remained underdeveloped.

The senses are our primary teachers. Without them we cannot learn about the world or know how to deal with it. Our scriptures say when there is light, the eyes act as our guides. When there is darkness, the ears become our support. When both are absent, other senses comes to our rescue. When all are absent, which is the case with the state of self-absorption, the Self becomes the sole guide and support. The senses also play an important role in the performance of our obligatory duties and thereby in upholding Dharma.

One of the most significant development in the evolution of life upon earth was the manifestation of the senses, especially the eye. Even today, our advancement in robotic technology is limited because we have not yet developed the perfect, perceptual mechanism for the robots. We have yet to create a perfect artificial eye with which the robots can see as we see. The same is the case with other senses. When we reach that stage, the growth in the robotic technology will be exponential as Artificial Intelligence would evolve beyond our imagination.

The Upanishads explain how lifeforms evolved upon earth by developing senses. The earliest lifeforms such as the microorganisms had no senses. Then appeared lifeforms, which had only one sense, the sense of touch. They were followed by entities that had two senses, three senses, four senses and five senses. Then, the mind appeared, the sixth sense, which reached its culmination in humans. Humans also developed intelligence (buddhi), which gives them the exceptional ability to transcend the senses and develop extrasensory perception or draw intuitive inferences even when things are clearly discernible.

The relationship between breath and the senses

Some earlier Upanishads describe the senses also as breaths or aspects of breath (prana). They are different from the five breaths, which are mentioned in them namely the Prana, Vyana, Samana, Udana, and Apana, named according to the direction in which they flow in the body. However, the senses are equated with them, because Breath is considered to be the lord of all the organs in the body.

The Upanishads also contain two allegories about it. Breath is the lord of the senses because he is impervious to desire. The organs are vulnerable to evil desires, while breath is involuntary and not subject to them. Hence, breath is a purifier like fire and just as the fire in the heaven he accepts the food offered to the body and distributes them among the organs according to their fair share. The body is alive, and the organs are active, as long as breath is circulating in them. Hence, he is also their support. When a person dies, the breaths along with the divinities who are present in the organs leave the body and travel to the mid-region, from where they return to their respective spheres.

The senses as the tattvas of Nature and agents of Death

The senses also constitute 15 of the 23 finite and dependent realities (tattvas) of Nature. They depend upon the Self or God for their survival in the field of Nature, which is the body in the microcosm and creation itself in macrocosm. They are subject to the triple Gunas namely sattva, rajas and tamas and other impurities of Nature such as Maya, egoism and delusion. Because of their inherent nature, the senses act as the agents of Maya and subject the beings to the dualities of life through attraction and aversion to sense objects. Hence, they are considered the chief agents of Maya who subject the beings to the cycle of births and deaths. The senses are also agents of Death (Kala) who is described in the Upanishads as the ruler of the world and the highest aspect of Manifested Brahman. The whole world is his food, which he enjoys through the senses. They also keep the beings bound to mortality by inducing them desire for sense-objects.

The senses as the cause of delusion and attachment

The senses are responsible for our clinging and craving and thereby keep us bound to the mortal world. Since they are subject to the gunas, they are not perfect and not very reliable to discern the truths of the world or the true nature of our existence. Indeed, they are chiefly responsible for our suffering, illusion and the mistaken belief that we are mere physical beings subject to death, which is the end of all.

According to the Bhagavadgita, they are also responsible for our mental instability and lack of discernment. By constantly dwelling among sense objects, they cloud our consciousness, creating the illusory notion that the world is made up of individual entities and realities, and we are responsible for our actions and fate, whereby we perceive the diversity in our existence but not its underlying unity. By repeatedly interacting with the sense objects they create in us attraction and aversion to them, which in turn lead to desires and attachments. From attachment arises conflicting emotions as ripples in our consciousness, such as anger, fear, anxiety, greed, envy and pride, resulting in bondage and suffering. When we experience them, we suffer from instability, suffering and delusion.

The limitations of our senses

We do not need much evidence to know the limitations of our senses and how far they are reliable in knowing the truths of our existence. The senses are reliable up to a point. They show you the visible or the surface reality, but not what is hidden in them or their subtle aspects. Even from the scientific perspective, we know that the world is not what it appears to be. The visible universe is just a fraction of what truly exists beyond our sense such as the quantum reality, which cannot be discerned except through other means.

There was a time when we believed that the earth was flat and our world was the center of the universe. People believed that the stars were like glowing lights in the sky and the sun and the moon were like lamps. Those who disagreed with such erroneous beliefs were mocked, burnt on stakes, persecuted or imprisoned. Today we know the reality and where we stand in the universe. Apart from perceptual errors, we are also subject to cognitive distoritions and self-induced illusions and see what we want to see. In the process, we miss a whole lot of information in our perceptual field.

The Bhagavadgita on the activity of the senses

The Bhagavadgita is aware of the problems that arise from the limitations of our sense organs and the role they play in creating suffering, mistaken identities and bondage to the cycle of births and deaths. The senses may fetch correct information about the material universe, but since the mind and the intelligence are subject to delusion, ignorance, desires, attachments, and numerous filters which are induced by the gunas, they cannot correctly process the information or discern the truths.

Therefore, it warns people to be wary of the role they play in our bondage and the need to control them to experience equanimity and the oneness of our existence. It declares that the dualities such as heat and cold, or pleasure and pain, are transitory. They arise from sensory perceptions. Hence, one should learn to tolerate them (2.14) and be wise enough not to indulge in them (5.22). Since they are responsible for attraction and aversion and thereby craving and clinging, a yogi on the path of liberation should not come under their influence at all (3.34).

In the second chapter of the Bhagavadgita, Lord Krishna explains how suffering arises through the activity of the senses. By constantly thinking of sense objects, a mortal being becomes attached to them. Attached thus, he develops various desires. When those desires are thwarted, a person experiences anger and frustration. From anger arises delusion, and from delusion confusion of memory. Confusion of memory leads to loss of intelligence (buddhi) or the ability to discern truths. When intelligence is lost, the breath of life is also lost (2.60-63) because one keeps making mistakes and remains bound to Karma and the cycle of births and deaths.

The control of the mind and senses or Samyama

The Bhagavadgita emphasizes the imperative to withdraw the senses from the sense objects and transcending them through austerities and self-purification to experience equanimity, peace and supreme happiness. Since the senses are responsible for the instability of the mind and thereby delusion, they need to be actively disengaged from the sense objects to which they go habitually so that the mind can be fully concentrated upon the inner Self. Just as the winds blow away a boat floating on the waters, the senses also drive away the intelligence of a person whose mind is constantly engaged with the sense objects (2.67).

Therefore, says the Bhagavadgita, a yogi should firmly establish his intelligence by controlling his senses from all directions (2.68). He should withdraw his senses from the sense objects, the way a tortoise withdraws its limbs, whereby a yogi gains mastery over his senses (2.58). Freeing himself from passion and dispassion, keeping the senses that are acting on the sense objects under firm control, and by following the dictates of the inner soul, he gains the love of God. (2.64).

Thus, in the words of the Bhagavadgita, a correct understanding of the true nature of the senses and their activities is the first step towards self-discipline and Self-realization. Without such awareness a seeker of truth cannot overcome the delusion of his mind and become free from the bondage to his physical and mental existence. By controlling his senses dutifully, he can become detached from the sense objects, and regain his freedom from the compulsion to act according to his desires.

What happens when a person engages in such a spiritual effort? The Bhagavadgita says that with the elimination of desires, he achieves equanimity of the mind, inner peace, freedom from fear, lust, egoism, anger and such other ungodly qualities. Firmly established on the path of self-realization (6.24-29), he becomes stable like the ocean that remains undisturbed although waters enter into it from all directions through various rivers (2.70).

The role of senses in the practise of Dharma

The senses are aspects of Nature, and instruments of God who play their dutiful roles in creation as divinities or aspects of God. In the body, which is the microcosm, they perform similar functions. Their essential purpose is to ensure the order and regularity of the world and help people perform their obligatory duties and uphold Dharma. In the body of an awakened person who is pure with the predominance of sattva and who engages in selfless actions (karmayoga), they become the instruments of truth and reflect the radiance of God. When they are rightly used, they radiate our minds and help us discern truth but when wrongly used they spread darkness and delusion and create confusion.

Thus, by nature the senses are not evil. They become evil in an impure person who has the predominance of rajas and tamas, but divine in a pure person who has the predominance of sattva and whose mind is engaged in the thoughts of God. The senses lead a deluded person astray and cause his downfall. In impure people who cannot control their desires or who perform their actions out of selfish desires, they perpetuate duality, ignorance and delusion and become barriers to self-realization. People who are egoistic, who are driven by selfish desires and demonic qualities and engage in selfish actions, the senses are a great source of misery and afflictions. However, they help righteous people to practise their obligatory duties and uphold Dharma.

When we become self-aware through knowledge and study, we can use those very senses to transcend our minds and bodies and become stabilized in the Self. Instead of engaging them in worldly objects, we can engage them to discipline the mind and body and to concentrate our minds upon the images of divinities and sacred objects.

For a devotee who has surrendered to God, who is engaged in spiritual practice and whose mind is drawn to him, the senses offer many opportunities to put them to right use and lead a divine centered life on the path of righteousness and in the service of god. He can use them to practise the various yogas which are mentioned in the Bhagavadgita to stabilize the mind and experience self-absorption.

By practicing withdrawal, self-control and self-purification he can cultivate detachment, dispassion, renunciation and equanimity. By mindfully observing how the mind and senses act and react and how desires arise and create disturbances or modifications, he can gain control over his habitual and emotional responses and natural urges. Through observation and discernment, he can become a friend of his Self rather than his enemy, practice self-discipline, understand the influence of gunas, and master his mind and body to experience sameness, oneness, equanimity and self-absorption.

Suggestions for Further Reading

Essay on Sense Organs - 1869 Words

Sense Organs

SENSE ORGANS AND COORDINATION
1. describe the structures and functions of the nervous system

The nervous system
- This is the main system of control in the body.

It has the following functions:
* Controls thinking, planning and learning(voluntary actions) * Collects and interprets information from the sense organs. * Controls automatic(reflex) actions
* Controls the activities of other systems. Eg heart beat, digestion

The nervous system is made up of two main parts:
1. Central nervous system; brain and spinal cord
(C. N. S.)
2. Peripheral nervous system; cranial and spinal nerves, nerve fibers and sense organs

Brain
Part | Description | Function |
Cerebrum | Largest part, has a twisted and bumpy surface | Responsible for conscious thought and emotion centers | Cerebellum | Small, ridged surface | Center for muscle coordination and balance | Medulla oblongata | Stalk shaped, run into spinal cord | Controls involuntary processes such as breathing | Pituitary | Pea size, underneath | Links nervous and endocrine systems | The spinal cord lies within the cavity of the backbone (vertebrae). These bones protect the spinal cord as the skull protects the brain.

The nervous system links receptors to effectors.

Receptors are in the sense organs. These special cells receive stimuli. A stimulus is any change that occurs that can be detected by the body. Eg drop in temperature or a touch. SENSE ORGAN | RECEPTOR(sense cell) | STIMULUS DETECTED |

Eye | Rod cells on retina | Light |
| Cone cells on retina | Colour |
Ear | Cochlea cells | Sound |
| Semicircular canals | Position of body |
Tongue | Taste bud cells | Chemicals in solution |
Nose | Lining of nasal cavity | Chemicals in vapors |
Skin | Nerve endings | Pain, touch, hot. cold, pressure |

Effectors are responsible for carrying out the response to the stimuli. Eg muscles or glands

Nerve cells (neurons)
There are three main types of nerve cells
1. Sensory neuron – these carry messages from the sense organs to the C. N. S.

2. Intermediate neuron-these are found in the brain and spinal cord (C. N. S.). They connect sensory and motor neurons.

3. Motor neuron- these carry messages from the C. N. S. to the effector that carries out the response action.

Neurons carry messages in the form of an electrical impulse from one end to the next. Where two neurons meet they do not actually touch each other. There is a small gap called the synapse.

Nerve transmission
When the electrical impulse reaches the end a chemical is released from the 1st neuron this chemical crosses the synapse and goes to the 2nd neuron. In this way a nerve impulse is transmitted from one neuron to the next so the message is carried on.

Voluntary and involuntary actions
A voluntary action is not automatic. The brain needs to think about this action then send a message to the necessary muscles to carry out the action.

Eg. Picking up a dropped ball

STIMULUS; ball dropping

RECEPTOR; rods and cone cells

EFFECTOR muscles of legs
and hands
RESPONSE; pick up ball

Voluntary actions are not carried out unless a person consciously makes a decision to do them. The brain receives information from the sense cells and makes a decision, the response action is then carried out

Involuntary (Reflex) actions
These actions are not controlled by the person. They are:
* Automatic
* Quick
* Serve as a form of protection

Eg’s. Pulling your hand away from a hot pot, blinking when an object approaches the eye, knee jerk

The brain does not make a decision on involuntary (reflex) actions they just happen.

STIMULUS; hit below knee

RECEPTOR; pressure receptors
in skin
SENSORY NEURONE

C. N. S.; intermediate neuron
in spinal cord
MOTOR NEURONE

EFFECTOR thigh muscle

RESPONSE; leg springs forward.

Neuroscience: The Five Senses Brandt 2 Table of Contents: Introduction. 3 Sense 1: Taste 3-4 Sense 2: Smell. 4-6 Sense 3: Sight 6-7 Sense 4: Hearing 7-9 Sense 5: Touch. 9-11 Conclusion. 11 Brandt 3 Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system and anything that is involved with the nervous system. They are many different areas in the field if neuroscience. Neuroscience deals with the five senses . anything connected to the nervous system, the brain, anything that sends information to and from the brain, etc. Many of these things go from simple ideas and concepts to the complex coding of the brain, and everything in between. One of the areas of study that can go from being simple to complex easily is the study of the five senses . sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch. These five senses may seem simple to describe and easy to define, but they are some of the most complex functions in the human body. Some might say, "How does this pertain to neuroscience?", and this is a logical question. The answer to that is that each of these five senses involves neurons, and these neurons have to be dealt with. The bodily function that deals with these neurons is the nervous system. In fact that is all the nervous system deals with, it's a sort of.

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Our senses enable us to make sense of the world around us; they make our environment enjoyable by stimulating our desire to eat giving the body the vital nutrients it needs. They can also alert us to a fire before we see the flames, detect dangerous fumes and smell and taste rotten foods. Out of the five senses . it seems like taste is one of the simplest. There are no cones; rods or lenses, there are no tympanic membranes or miniscule bones. Our sense of smell in responsible for about 80% of what we taste. Without our sense of smell, our sense of taste is limited to only five distinct sensations: sweet, salty, sour, bitter and savory sensation. All other flavors that we experience come from smell. This is why, when our nose is blocked, as by a cold, most foods seem bland or tasteless. Our sense of smell becomes stronger when we are hungry. Smell and taste are closely linked. The taste buds of the tongue identify taste; the nerves in the nose identify smell. Both sensations are communicated to the brain, which integrates the information so that flavors can be recognized and appreciated. Some tastes—such as salty, bitter, sweet, and sour—can be recognized without the sense of smell. However, more complex flavors require both taste and smell sensations to be recognized. Different stimuli activate different sensory receptors. Chemical stimuli activate the.

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Use Taste to Help Your Other Senses Food isn’t just to be enjoyed by your taste buds. Eating the right nutrients will benefit all of your sensory organs . These are the top nutrients for your sensory system. Lutein – it’s a substance that’s found in corn, spinach, and other leafy green vegetables, and it’s been found to be one of the substances most beneficial for maintaining sight and improving the health of your eyes. While good for your eyes, carrots aren’t as powerful as spinach. Vitamin C and Bioflavnoids – They’ve shown to be helpful for your immune system, but they’re also helpful for protecting against cataracts. Many fruits and vegetables contain C and Bioflavnoids, and there’s evidence that eating a diverse diet that includes just four servings of fruit a day can make your RealAge as much as four years younger. Fish Oil – As we age, our fat cells in that third layer of skin thin out and get a little bumpier. That’s part of what causes the raisin-like appearance of older skin. Somehow, the fatty acids in fish oil and salmon help make that layer a little thicker and smooth, so that wrinkles go away and the skin becomes fuller. Another reason fish is so good: it helps your eyes. Stopping smoking will help not only your lungs but also your skin. Each senseorgan is as important as the others, and we should take care of them so they can work properly and enjoy the world around us. We take care of.

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SenseOrgans The General Senses Sensory receptors n monitor external or internal conditions. Simplest are free nerve endings. -Temperature - pain -touch -pressure -vibration Receptors throughout the body •Special senses nSmell ntaste nvision nbalance nhearing nReceptors located in senseorgans (e.g. ear, eye). EYES nAccessory Structures of the Eye qEyelids (palpebra) and glands qSuperficial epithelium of eye nConjunctiva qLacrimal apparatus nTear production and removal qExtrinsic eye muscles nExtrinsic Eye Muscles qMove the eye qSix muscles cooperate to control gaze nSuperior and inferior rectus nLateral and medial rectus nSuperior and inferior oblique nLayers of the Eye Fibrous tunic nSclera qDense fibrous connective tissue q“White of the eye” nCornea qTransparent qLight entrance nLayers of the Eye qVascular tunic nIris nCiliary body qAttachment of suspensory ligaments nChoroid qHighly vascular nFunctions of the Vascular Tunic qProvide a route for blood vessels qControl amount of light entering eye nAdjust diameter of pupil qSecrete and absorb aqueous humor qAdjust lens shape for focusing qNeural tunic (Retina) nOuter pigmented part qAbsorbs stray light nInner neural part qDetects light qProcesses image qCommunicates with brain nEARS Equilibrium and Hearing nSensory Functions of the Inner Ear qDynamic.

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THE SENSES Hilgard morgan and Sartain explain that there are more than eight senses that we use to explore and learn about the world.Each of these senses has a specific senseorgan within which are receptor cells or receiving mechanisms that are sensitive to certain stimuli in the environment. The Eye Is the organ of vision, is sometimes compared to a camera lens because it works roughly the same way as the latter which focuses images of objects at various distances o the film as it moves toward or away from the place of the film. The lens of the eye focuses light images on a sensitive surface.This surface in the eye is the retina,which is composed of rods and cones. Rods which are cylindrical and number about 100 million,do not distinguish colors but are more sensitive to light than are the cones. Cones which are conical in shape and more than six million in number,allow us to see the different wave lengths of light as different hues or colors. Hilgard presents the process of seeing,light enters the eye through the cornea,a tough transparent membrane.The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by the diameter of the pupil,a small hole in front of the eye formed by the iris.The iris consists of a ring of muscles that can contract or expand,thereby controlling pupil size. The Ear Is the senseorgan of hearing which is.

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system consists of the five main senses . sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste. Each individual sense posses their own advantages and disadvantages, but all are crucial to a person’s survival. However, many individuals still take these natural gifts for granted. This is where the same question continues to surface; “if you had to give up one of your senses . which one would you select?” In other words, which sense could a person do best without? I think about this every single time I spend time with my little cousin Jolie who is deaf. I contemplate to myself how it is that she copes and manages? When will she realize she is different? Is it when she sits in school surrounded by her classmates who are able to sing the little hymns to learn their alphabet? Or is it when she has to place a massive hearing aid in her ear every morning before class? The sad truth is she was never given a choice in the matter of her hearing. She will always be considered as one of the “unlucky” ones! If I had the choice I would not allow her to maneuver this uphill battle alone. Choosing which of the five senses to give up would be a fairly easy choice for me. I derive at my perspective rather from what I would keep for my sacrifice as opposed to what I would give up. Undoubtedly I would give up my sense of hearing. For me personally, giving up my hearing would be the most logical decision. In addition.

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history as well the fact that our senses are the first thing that effects our thinking and very important. The power that the senses have on our everyday life is very present in everything we do. When we touch something that is hot our sense send a message to our brain and tells us what we are feeling and we can react and move our hands right away. This helps keep ourselves out of danger. A good example of this would if we could use our sense of smell when we are asleep to know that we are in danger and there is something burning in the house, we could stop a fire from hurting someone. Your sense of smell can signal when there is danger. Once you experience the smell of fire, you know that this is accurate and that it is what we should expect for the smell. Another example of this could be the sense of touch that we have, if we burn ourselves once will we learn that this is dangerous and the pain will help us use ours senses next time we are thinking about touching something hot. What can be more accurate than pain? The information that our senses send to the brain to process effect what we know is accurate as well. Besides the experiences that we have is the information provided by your senses is what we are taught as a child make our sensory. We are taught by our parents to not touch things like mention is example of experiences of hot. Our.

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com/2008/07/18/opinion/18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Explain how the author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the essay. 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses . a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the author’s main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I can see that you see his thesis. 4. What are five words (diction) that you find interesting that the author uses to describe anything in the essay? Explain each word in a sentence that tells me why you think the word is interesting. 5. Why does the author compare the farm to a boat? Why do you like this or not. Explain in two sentences. 6. Explain why you would or would not like to be a part of the scene the author describes. Provide one quote/description that you like and explain why you like it. OR provide one quote/description you dislike, explain why you dislike it, and then rewrite it so that it is better in your opinion. 7. Then write a descriptive essay that models “Summer Wind” using ONE of the following two prompts. The essay should be at least ONE page long. The essay should include at least TWO descriptions for EACH of the following senses . a. Smell b. Sight c. Hearing d. Touch e. Taste REMEMBER: ONLY SELECT ONE OF THESE TWO TO CREATIVELY COMPLETE. Writing Prompt One: Think of a force of.

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