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The Sputnik Satellite Essay - Space Satellites

The Sputnik Satellite Essay

Works Cited Incomplete

Sputnik: The Satellite That Inspired Generations

In 1950, a group of American and European scientists decided to establish a worldwide program to promote research and understanding of the world around them. They decided that July 1957 to December 1958 would be called the International Geophysical Year, or IGY. They hoped that drawing attention to geophysical matters would stimulate new projects and inventions, and increase the knowledge the world had of the planet, its atmosphere, and the things that lay beyond. This focus galvanized many countries to produce new innovations in science and technology.

At the same time, the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were involved in the Cold War. They were competing against one another, constantly trying to show that their country (and therefore their form of government and ideals) was the better choice. They were competing for influence over the rest of the world. Eventually the USSR and Communism lost, but far more important results came out of this competition instead.

Development of Sputnik

The idea that a satellite could be put into orbit around the Earth was introduced to the scientific community in 1903. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky showed that this could be done, but his work was all mathematical. In 1948, another Russian named Mikhail Tikhonravov talked to the famed scientist Sergei Korolev about turning this theory into an actual working device. Tikhonravov presented his ideas to the Academy of Artillery Sciences, but they refused to support the project. The Academy president Anatoli Blagonravov, however, could not get the idea that the project would have huge value out of his head. Eventually he brought the p.


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. rsity. Accessed May 22, 2003. [URL]
6.

Jorden, William J. "Soviet Fires Earth Satellite Into Space?" New York Times, October 5, 1957. [URL] Accessed May 22, 2003.
7.

Launius, Roger D. "Sputnik and the Origins of the Space Age." 1997. NASA. Accessed 2 Apr. 2003.
8.

Plumb, Robert K. "Satellite is First Step Into Space." New York Times, October 5, 1957. [URL] Accessed May 22, 2003.
9.

Siddiqi, Asif A. "Korolev, Sputnik, and The International Geophysical Year." 1997. NASA. Accessed 2 Apr. 2003. [URL]
10.

Sullivan, Walter. "Scientists Wonder if Shot Nears Moon." New York Times, November 5, 1957. [URL] Accessed May 22, 2003.
11.

Wright, Michael. "Sputnik: First Artificial Satellite." 30 Aug. 1997. Accessed 2 Apr. 2003 [URL]

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The Sputnik Launch Essay - The world has experienced very many huge moments, such big moments in which sometimes you don’t think it’s really happening. October 4, 1957, was one of those days. Because that was the day the world changed forever and there was no turning back. It was the day of the Sputnik launch. Sputnik was a Soviet satellite that orbited in the earth’s rotation 500 miles above the earth and traveling at about 18,000 mph. It took approximately 98 minutes for it to rotate the earth which meant it passed the United States seven times a day. [tags: soviet union, satellite, technologies]
. 6 Works Cited

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How Sputnik Changed The World Essay - In 1957, Russia catalyzed the dawn of a new age. Man had never been to space, but Russia showed the world it was in our time. This satellite, Sputnik, was the breakthrough in aerospace technology. Sputnik had one advantage that no other satellites had, the element of surprise. As well as beginning the space age, Sputnik caused paranoia on a global scale and set the space race in motion. Russia was still in the Cold War with the US when Sputnik launched. American and Russian astronomers alike were both baffled and terrified when they look into the sky and saw a man-made satellite steadily making revolutions around the globe. [tags: Russia, satellite, space race]
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715 words
(2 pages)

Sputnik's Effects Essay - The Soviet’s were responsible for putting man on the moon, rovers on Mars, and launching the Hubble Space Telescope. Indeed, it was the United States’ foes that drove the U.S. to accomplish perhaps the greatest feats of the twentieth century. Following the defeat of Germany and Japan in World War II, tensions between former allies, the United States and the Soviet Union, began to grow. In the following decades, the two superpowers would duke it out in competitions and tremendous shows of nationalism. [tags: Soviet Union, United States, Space Exploration]
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1414 words
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Satellite Communications Description Essay - What is a satellite. It is defined as “a natural body that revolves around a planet; a moon” or “a device designed to be launched into orbit around the earth, another planet, the sun, etc.”. For this purpose, the second definition is the one that will be focused on. Satellites are a fairly new technology, only about 60 years old. For it’s short usage, it has greatly impacted human society. The development of satellite communications technology has greatly impacted our day-to-day life and military operations. [tags: echo 1, satellites, nasa, gps]
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Satellite Surveillance Essay - Satellite Surveillance I. Preface My interest in satellite surveillance did not really appear to after I saw the movie "Enemy of the State" in 1998. The synopsis of the movie is: Robert Dean (Will Smith) is a labor lawyer who is unknowingly in possession of evidence related to a serious politically motivated crime. Government agents eager to hide their guilt believe that Dean is on to them, and proceed to turn his life upside-down, ruin his reputation, and frame him for various incidents, thanks to the latest in high-tech government surveillance techniques. [tags: Satellites Weapons Technology Essays]
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The Space Race Essay - The Space Race; a period in time, more than a two decades of space exploration. Its competitors, USA vs USSR. Its length consisting of no more than 12 years yet giving increased knowledge of flight and the sky and space above it. It consisted of more than thirty overall successful launches and through each abysmal failure brought new success. The launches increased the overall knowledge of space and brought new ideas and questions into peoples minds. Sci-Fi sprung up from the ideas that the events brought. [tags: US vs USSR, sputnik 1, moon]
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1572 words
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Essay on SPACE: THE UNCLAIMED FRONTIER - The Cold War, a time of political opposition, was the key cause that generated the race to space. For years the US and the USSR competed to be number one in rocketry and spaceflight. Although they battled mainly for land, space became a precarious area to dominate. It was serious to get ahead, and in October of 1957, Russia launched Sputnik 1 into space. To America, it was a time of fear. The Space Race had started and Russia was in the lead. Immediately, America began to launch missiles and fire rockets, not only to catch up, but to stay in the lead. [tags: Apollo, Sputnik, URSS, USA]
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NASA: Money Well Invested Essay - NASA: Money Well Invested The October 1957 launch of Sputnik alarmed the nation and the western world. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was founded the following year in July 1958 by congressional mandate (National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, 1958/2012). A belief romanticized by pop culture and the media, is that NASA was formed solely to compete with the Soviet Union. NASA was a cold war response in a time when any amount of money would be spent to remain dominate in an escalating cold war with Moscow. [tags: sputnik, technology, discoveries]
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1957 words
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Satellites Essay example - Satellites Satellite is probably the most useful invention since the wheel. Satellites have the capability to let you talk with someone across the nation or let you close a business deal through video communication. Almost everything today is heading towards the use of satellites, such as telephones. At&t has used this communications satellite (top right) ever since the late 1950s. TVS and radios are also turning to the use of satellites. RCA and Sony have released satellite dishes for Radio and Television services. [tags: essays research papers]

983 words
(2.8 pages)

History of Satellite Communications Essay - History of Satellite Communications The first idea of satellite communication came from an article in 1945 named Wireless World, where Author C. Clarke described the use of manned satellites in 24 hour orbits to distribute television programs. However, the first person to carefully evaluate the technical and financial aspects of such a venture was John R. Pierce of Bell Telephone Laboratories (Whalen, n.d.). In a 1954 speech and 1955 article, Pierce described the usefulness of a communications "mirror" in space, a medium-orbit "repeater" and a 24-hour-orbit "repeater." In comparing the communications capacity of a satellite, which he estimated the capacity at 1,000 simultaneous tel. [tags: History Satellite Communication]

1783 words
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Other articles

The Most Amazing Space Stories This Week!

Best Space Stories of the Week — Feb. 26, 2017

This artist’s impression depicts what the view might be like from a planet in the TRAPPIST-1 system.

Seven Earth-size alien planets were found in a solar system not that far away, SpaceX nailed another rocket launch and landing, and Pluto may have another chance at being a true planet.Here are some of the most amazing space stories of the week.

Seven Earth-size alien worlds

NASA announced this week that seven Earth-size planets have been discovered around a nearby star called TRAPPIST-1. Three of these planets lie in the star's "habitable zone," where liquid water and thus life as we know it might exist. But all seven could potentially be habitable with the right atmospheric conditions. [Full Story: Major Discovery! 7 Earth-Size Alien Planets Circle Nearby Star ]

First solar eclipse of 2017

Skywatchers in the southern hemisphere will be treated to a "ring of fire" annular solar eclipse tomorrow (Feb. 26). Viewers in the rest of the world can still watch the solar eclipse during a live webcast hosted by Slooh.[Full Story: 'Ring of Fire' Eclipse Will Be Visible from Southern Hemisphere Sunday ]

Pluto's planetary debate is still not over

Scientists on NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto are proposing a new definition of "planet" that will reverse Pluto's demotion from planet to dwarf planet. After more than a decade of debate, Pluto's planetary advocates are not giving up the fight. [Full Story: Will Pluto Get Its Planethood Back? ]

SpaceX sticks another landing

The private spaceflight company SpaceX successfully launched a cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station on Sunday after delaying the mission by one day due to an engine problem. A Dragon cargo craft blasted off atop a Falcon 9 rocket from NASA's historic Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. A few minutes later, the first-stage rocket returned to Earth and stuck a landing at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station nearby. [Full Story: SpaceX Launches 1st Private Rocket from Historic NASA Pad — Then Sticks a Landing ]

Dragon delivered after GPS glitch

SpaceX's Dragon cargo craft also experienced a 24-hour delay while attempting to dock at the International Space Station. A glitch with the spacecraft's navigation software led mission control to abort docking procedures scheduled for Wednesday (Feb. 22), but the Dragon was successfully captured by the space station's robotic arm on Thursday. [Full Story: SpaceX Dragon Delivers NASA Cargo to Space Station After 24-Hour Delay ]

A second cargo craft arrives at space station

It was a busy week for the International Space Station! Shortly after SpaceX's Dragon arrived with nearly 3 tons of supplies for the orbiting lab, a Russian Progress cargo ship also arrived to deliver an additional 3 tons of supplies to the orbiting lab. That cargo mission launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Russia on Wednesday (Feb. 22) and arrived early Friday morning (Feb. 24). [Full Story: Russian Progress 66 Cargo Ship Docks at Space Station ]

The weird history of astronomy vs. the church

In honor of the birthday of Nicolaus Copernicus (which was Feb. 19), astrophysicist Paul Sutter lays out the real story of what happened when the ideas of scientists and classical astronomers clashed with the beliefs of the Church. In the 1500s, Copernicus proposed the idea that Earth is not the center of the universe, but that it revolves around the sun. The Church did not agree. But the full story is a lot weirder and more nuanced than most grade school history textbooks acknowledge. [Full Story: Going Bananas: The Real Story of Kepler, Copernicus and the Church ]

Embark on a "Journey to Jupiter" with this jaw-dropping animation created by more than 1,000 telescope images taken by 91 amateur astronomers over the course of 102 days. The resulting high-resolution video shows 250 revolutions of Jupiter sped up one million times. [Full Story: Jupiter is a Feast for the Eyes In New Time-Lapse Animation (Video) ]

New Lego space shuttle

Lego unveiled its new space shuttle building set at Toy Fair 2017 in New York last weekend. The new Lego Creator Space Shuttle Explorer 3-in-1 set can be made into a rover or a space base and comes with a little astronaut. [Full Story: Lego Has a New Space Shuttle and It Looks Awesome ]

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INDIAN SATELLITE SPACE PROGRAMME Essay - 1500 Words

INDIAN SATELLITE / SPACE PROGRAMME

INDIAN SATELLITE AND SPACE PROGRAMME
AND IMPLICATION FOR PAKISTAN

Introduction
1. In 1950s, USA and Soviet Union had realized the huge potential in space and had therefore toiled hard to exploit this dimension ever since. Different facets of space utility like communication, weather predictions and natural resource planning were explored and gradually advancements were made in these fields for the benefit of mankind. In only a few decades, the civilian and military applications of space have revolutionized lives of common men and soldiers alike. Resultantly, space attracted almost all technologically advanced countries and India was no exception to it. India embarked upon acquiring space technology in early 60s and has steadily progressed in this field since then.

2. India has launched 73 satellites of many types as of 5 January 2014, since its first attempt in 1975. These satellite systems generally fall into two broad categories of communication and Remote Sensing Satellites. They have been launched from various vehicles, including American, Russian, European and indigenously produced satellite-launch rockets1. In October 2008, India became the fifth country in the world to launch a lunar mission. India further made history by launching a space mission to Mars in November, 2013. India is accruing benefits from its space programme in variety of roles in both civilian and military perspectives. The salient applications of Indian satellites include acquiring imagery of enemy troops’ movements and installations for spying purposes, weather forecasting for military operations, education, digital terrain mapping and ocean search and rescue1.

INDIAN SATELLITE AND SPACE PROGRAMME
AND IMPLICATION FOR PAKISTAN

Introduction
1. In 1950s, USA and Soviet Union had realized the huge potential in space and had therefore toiled hard to exploit this dimension ever since. Different facets of space utility like communication, weather predictions and natural resource planning were explored and gradually advancements were made in these fields for the benefit of mankind. In only a few decades, the civilian and military applications of space have revolutionized lives of common men and soldiers alike. Resultantly, space attracted almost all technologically advanced countries and India was no exception to it. India embarked upon acquiring space technology in early 60s and has steadily progressed in this field since then.

2. India has launched 73 satellites of many types as of 5 January 2014, since its first attempt in 1975. These satellite systems generally fall into two broad categories of communication and Remote Sensing Satellites. They have been launched from various vehicles, including American, Russian, European and indigenously produced satellite-launch rockets1. In October 2008, India became the fifth country in the world to launch a lunar mission. India further made history by launching a space mission to Mars in November, 2013. India is accruing benefits from its space programme in variety of roles in both civilian and military perspectives. The salient applications of Indian satellites include acquiring imagery of enemy troops’ movements and installations for spying purposes, weather forecasting for military operations, education, digital terrain mapping and ocean search and rescue1. INDIAN SATELLITE AND SPACE PROGRAMME

AND IMPLICATION FOR PAKISTAN

Introduction
1. In 1950s, USA and Soviet Union had realized the huge potential in space and had therefore toiled hard to exploit this dimension ever since. Different facets of space utility like communication, weather predictions and natural resource planning were explored and gradually advancements were made in these fields for the benefit of mankind. In only a few decades, the civilian and military applications of space have revolutionized lives of common men and soldiers alike. Resultantly, space attracted almost.

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