(Literary Essentials: Nonfiction Masterpieces)
Minds, Brains, and Science is intended to explain the functioning of the human mind and argue for the existence of free will using modern materialistic arguments and making no appeal to religious concepts. Despite its use of accessible terminology and its straightforward argument, the book is clearly controversial, because Searle attacks dualism, Chomskyan linguistics, behavioralism, cognitive psychology, and the belief in artificial intelligence, all of which have many supporters, both scientists and lay people. At the same time, Searle asserts that human beings have free will, an idea that seems at odds with his materialism, and he does so from a point of view that rejects the dualistic tradition deriving from Rene Descartes, which suggests that the mind is more than the molecular structure of the brain and that free will and determinism therefore coexist. Searle grounds his arguments in appeals to common sense, and readers’ acceptance of them therefore depends on their acceptance of Searle’s examples and analogies.
The first three chapters, which outline Searle’s ideas about the mind-brain / body question and his critique of artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology, depend on a series of analogies. He argues that the relationship of the mind to the brain is like that of a macrocosmic object such as a solid to the microcosmic molecules of which it is constituted; from this analogy, he concludes that the functions of consciousness, intentionality, subjectivity, and mental causation are simply part of the neurophysiology of the brain. He asserts that consciousness exists and that one should accept the fact, rejecting the dualistic idea that the existence of consciousness proves that the mind is more than its material components. He does not, however, provide an analysis of the errors of the Cartesian dualists but simply asserts that their views are incorrect. Furthermore, he does so not from the point of view of philosophers who argue for panpsychism, such as Charles Hartshorne in The Logic of Perfection and Other Essays in Neoclassical Metaphysics (1962), who avoids dualism by attributing intentionality to all physical levels of being, including atoms. Nor does he argue from the point of view of philosophers who avoid both dualism and panpsychism by hypothesizing a hierarchical organization of the universe in which human beings differ from organisms on the other levels. Similarly, Searle begins from a non-transcendentalist position rather than by refuting the position taken by the transcendentalists that mental states are not caused by neurological functions alone.
Searle’s argument that computers cannot think is based on an analogy different from that in chapter 1. In chapter 2, he compares the formal manipulation of symbols by a computer to a man—ignorant of Chinese and left alone in a room— who would be able to produce sentences intelligible to a Chinese speaker by manipulating Chinese characters with the aid of a book of rules. He.
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Win Brand New Laptop in 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Contest
Win Brand New Laptop in 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Contest. Applications are invited from students in Nigerian tertiary institutions to participate in the 2nd Edition of the annual Excellent Minds Essay Competition.
The essay competition is focused on promoting critical thinking, harnessing ideas and developing the talents, abilities, gifts and skills inherent in the Nigerian youths. This we expect shall translate into a ripple effect of awareness and provide a platform for growth for future leaders of Nigeria.
Win Brand New Laptop in 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Contest
This essay competition is a project of the Excellent Minds (Social and Youth Empowerment) Initiative in collaboration with Launchforth Schools, Lagos and Unique Life Platform.
There exist negative attitudes and social taboos against children with disabilities in many parts of the world and that includes Nigeria. This has led to the neglect of these vulnerable children; hence, hampering the development of their God-given potentials. According to EFA Global Monitoring Report 2007, majority of children with disabilities in Africa do not go to School at all; and of the 72 million primary aged children worldwide that are out of school, one-third have disabilities.
Win Brand New Laptop in 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Contest
“In not more than 1,500 words, propose a strategic and sustainable innovative project that you will adopt in promoting the inclusion of children with disabilities in education, citing two rural communities in any of the states in Nigeria where the project can be executed and the factors that influenced your choice of the chosen communities and state”.
Win Brand New Laptop in 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Contest
Excellent Minds (Social and Youth Empowerment) Initiative in collaboration with Launchforth Schools, Lagos and Unique Life Platform
First prize: a brand new laptop + a printer + a certificate of accomplishment
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15th February, 2016
For further inquiries or questions, contact the 2015 Excellent Minds Essay Competition Coordinator on +44 7448 962020, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or call 0703 115 1669
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Treatment Program for prisoners Many challenges confront the criminal justice system. One major perennial question is: How can we more. effectively deal with individuals who have drug and alcohol problems and are also involved in criminal activity? The complex relationships between drugs and crime have been extensively analyzed. Generally, these studies confirm that drug and alcohol abuse is associated with criminal activity.The magnitude of this problem is also indicated by the recurring finding.
Addiction. Alcoholism. Arrest 1494 Words | 5 Pages
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program . “Kaya ng Pinoy tumawid sa Kaunlaran” One afternoon, I bought chips and drinks in a mini-mart. I fall in. a long line with people who are too busy checking up their groceries. I heard one talking about the money that they have to budget in a week or two that in some sort helps them in their living. The cash that they had was from a program . I was too curious about the program that they were talking about, what comes next was I found myself talking to one of these.
Beneficiary. Family. Filipino people 1106 Words | 4 Pages
The Human Brain vs. the Computer Over the millennia, Man has come up with countless inventions, each more ingenious than the last. However. only now, as the computer arises that mankind's sentience itself is threatened. Ridiculous, some may cry, but I say look about you! The computer has already begun to hold sway over so many of the vital functions that man has prided himself upon before. Our lives are now dependent upon the computer and what it tells you. Even now, I type this essay upon.
Brain. Cerebellum. Human 1448 Words | 4 Pages
A Paper Presentation on BRAIN CONTROLLED CAR FOR DISABLED USING. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Submitted on the event of Zeitgeist’09 At UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING.
Artificial intelligence. Brain. Brain-computer interfacing 1661 Words | 7 Pages