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Inherent vice (library and archival science)

Inherent vice (library and archival science)

This article is about the library and archival science term. For the 2009 Thomas Pynchon novel, see Inherent Vice .

Inherent vice is the tendency in physical objects to deteriorate because of the fundamental instability of the components of which they are made, as opposed to deterioration caused by external forces. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] All objects have some kind of inherent vice as a result of the baseline law of entropy .

Preservation issues

An example of inherent vice: the iron gall ink used in this manuscript (from Igreja de Sao Francisco, Evora, Portugal) has oxidized the cellulose, causing the paper to disintegrate.

The term is broadly used in archival practice to recognize the material constraints of preservation activities. For example, many kinds of paper have acid in them that makes them chemically unstable. Over time, the acid will eat away the text on the page and cause paper to turn yellow or brown and become brittle. As the acid continues to break down the cellulose fibers, the paper disintegrates. [ 3 ] In the world of philately. the adhesive on the back of stamps is both an inherent vice—any exposure to moisture will compromise their ability to be preserved—as well as the purpose for which the stamps were made. [ 3 ] In the case of film, an example of inherent vice is the innate chemical instability of cellulose acetate film. which can result in the degradation known as "vinegar syndrome" due to the distinctive vinegar odor it produces. [ 4 ]

Slowing this tendency of objects to self-destruct requires an understanding of how materials interact. This includes not just an understanding of the intrinsic qualities of the materials themselves, but also the way that they affect and are affected by the other materials that they come into contact with. [ 5 ] For example, leather and metal are two materials which are frequently used in combination with each other, but react to each other over time to cause corrosion on the metal. [ 3 ]

The presence of deteriorating agents is a problem which can be tempered by selecting archival quality materials, such as acid free paper. [ 5 ] However, frequently the objective of manufacturers is to make a process (i.e. papermaking, book binding, etc.) faster and easier; the longevity of the items they produce is not their primary concern. [ 2 ]

Legal definition

The term inherent vice is used in law as well as in library and archival science. One legal definition of inherent vice is "an exclusion found in most property insurance policies eliminating coverage for loss caused by a quality in property that causes it to damage or destroy itself." [ 6 ]

Inherent vice can be used as a justification for refusing to insure an item, as its intrinsically self-destructive nature may make it unacceptable risk to a carrier or insurer. [ 7 ]

References
  1. ^ Pearce-Moses, Richard (2012). A Glossary of Archival and Records Terminology, Entry for Inherent Vice . Society of American Archivists. Retrieved 18 October 2012.  
  2. ^ ab "Session 2: Inherent vice: Materials". Preservation 101: Preservation Basics for Paper and Media Collections. Northeast Document Conservation Center. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  
  3. ^ abc "Inherent Vice". National Postal Museum. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 18 October 2012.  
  4. ^ "Session 3: Inherent vice: Film Supports". Preservation 101: Preservation Basics for Paper and Media Collections. Northeast Document Conservation Center. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  
  5. ^ ab Jill Snyder (27 November 2001). Caring for Your Art: A Guide for Artists, Collectors, Galleries, and Art Institutions . Skyhorse Publishing Inc. pp. 7–. ISBN  978-1-58115-200-5. Retrieved 18 October 2012.  
  6. ^ International Risk Management Institute Insurance Glossary, http://www.irmi.com/online/insurance-glossary/terms/i/inherent-vice.aspx
  7. ^ "Inherent Vice". BusinessDictionary.com. WebFinance, Inc. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  

Look up inherent vice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Other articles

What is Inherent vice? Definition and meaning

Dictionary of International Trade Inherent vice

Damage to goods which one can foresee is bound to occur during any normal transit, and which arises solely because of the nature or condition of the goods shipped. Such damage is said to arise from “inherent vice” which may be defined as an internal cause rather than an external cause of damage. Exclusion of insurance coverage for inherent vice is implied in every cargo policy. This type of exclusion is reinforced by the words “from any external causes” and the “all risks” coverage. The word “risk” itself implies that only fortuitous losses are intended to be covered. Insurance protects against hazards, not certainties.

Related entries Search Terms Categories Dictionary of International Trade

Practical Guide to Incoterms 2010

Inherent Vice definition

Inherent Vice

"Inherent Vice " is a film. written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. based on "Inherent Vice" by Thomas Pynchon .

"Inherent Vice " is a novel by Thomas Pynchon. originally published in August 2009.

  • language: English Language
  • genre: Detective fiction
  • released on 4 August 2009 (6 years ago)

"Inherent Vice " a.k.a. "Inherent Vice: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack " is a musical album of Jonny Greenwood .

Miscellanea

Inherent vice is the tendency in physical objects to deteriorate because of the fundamental instability of the components of which they are made, as opposed to deterioration caused by external forces. All objects have some kind of inherent vice as a result of the baseline law of entropy.

Printed dictionaries and other books with definitions for Inherent Vice

Click on a title to look inside that book (if available):

Maritime Law Evolving (2014)

by Malcolm Clarke

Whileit seems essentially correct that ordinary wear andtear is aprocess whereas inherent vice is a characteristic, inherent vice in some contexts arguably will also connote the process of destruction ofthecargo asa result ofthat characteristic .

Law of Marine Insurance (2013)

by Susan Hodges

Disapproval was expressed by Lord Justice Waller as follows:102 'If inherent vice means something that will certainly happen, it is not a risk but a certainty .

Inherent vice is a quality of inadequacy, let us say, in the shipment of goods in commerce that is not apparent from outside glance; that is substantially it. And in this case the point that we on behalf of.

Reports of Cases Decided in the Court of Appeal (1890)

by James Stewart Tupper, Richard Scougall Cassels

Its inherent vice is that it is an attempt to levy upon the particular lands the expense of repairing the drain without any legal authority for so doing. It has not been suggested that it was passed as an amendment of the original by-law of 1868.

Conservation of Easel Paintings (2013)

by Joyce Hill Stoner, Rebecca Rushfield

Inherent vice is a term used to characterize paintings that are created with unstable, poor quality, or improperly mixed or juxtaposed materials. Underbound layers of ground and paint tend to turn to powder, while over-bound layers can shrink.

Inherent vice is a broad term that describes inherent physical characteristics of goods which may cause them to suffer deterioration or damage without outside influence (not the result of a casualty or external cause). Because.

A Dictionary and Digest of the Law of Scotland (1838)

With Short Explanations of the Most Ordinary English Law Terms. To which is Added a Supplement, Containing an Analysis of the Court of Session Act, the Advocation and Suspension Act, the Diligence Act, and the Entail Excambion Act by William Bell

LABES REALIS ; or vitium reals ; an inherent vice or defect in a right ; in the title by which it has been acquired ; or in the voucher,

A Dictionary of Law (2015)

by Jonathan Law

inherent vice An inherent defect in certain goods that makes them liable to damage. Some fibres, for example, are liable to rot during shipment. If a carrier or insurer.

The Sailor's Illustrated Dictionary (2001)

by Tom Lenfestey, Thompson Lenfestey

See INHERENT VICE. permanent backstay n. A backstay that is beyond the end of the boom so that the boom can move from one side to the other without moving the backstay. See RUNNING BACKSTAY. permanent ballast n. Any ballast.

The Complete Dictionary of Insurance Terms Explained Simply (2010)

by Melissa Samaroo

Inherent vice (Property Insurance) — A deficit in the property that causes it to self- destruct. Initial eligibility period (Health Insurance) — A time frame during which prospective insureds can apply for insurance without having to prove insurability.

Insurance Dictionary (2002)

What Means what when it Comes to Life, Health, Business, Home, Auto and Other Coverages by Silver Lake Publishing

Inherent Vice. A fault in property that leads to its self-destruction. Insurance contracts usually exclude such damage. Initial Eligibility Period. The time period during which prospective members can apply for coverage without providing evidence.

Dictionary of Proverbs (2005)

Edward Gibbon The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries. — Winston Churchill The intellegence of the planet is constant and the population Proverbs 1.

The Dictionary of International Business Terms (2013)

by Jae K. Shim, Joel G. Siegel, Marc H. Levine

INHERENT VICE Insurance jargon for a manufacturing weakness or defect in a given product that could result in damage to the product without obvious external cause. Claims for damages due to inherent vices are generally excluded by.

The Biteback Dictionary of Humorous Business Quotations (2014)

by Fred Metcalf

The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries. Winston Churchill, British statesman and orator Isn't capitalism wonderful!

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Quotes about Inherent Vice

The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries. (Winston Churchill )
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Use inherent in a sentence

While I was dumbfounded, inherent pragmatism caused me to further prompt.

While he wanted to avoid further involvement in Edith Shipton's troubled world, he felt proud of his wife inherent sense of compassion toward anyone in trouble.

All material things are assimilated to one another as organic, the vitalizing principle being inherent in all matter.

The alternative, which is here accepted, is that differentiation is essentially the expression of a developmental tendency inherent in the protoplasm of plants.

The prophets are thoroughly Oriental figures, and the interpretation of their profound religious experiences requires a particular sympathy which is not inherent in Western minds.

Hence the various reconstructions of the earlier history, with all their inherent weaknesses.

6), and when such names as Korah, Heman, Ethan and Obed-edom, are associated with psalmody, there is no inherent improbability in the conjecture that the " southern " families settled around Jerusalem may have left their mark in other parts of the Old Testament.

The true prelacy is composed of the persons who constitute the ecclesiastical hierarchy; jurisdiction is inherent in their office and gives pre-eminence, as with patriarchs, archbishops and bishops.

This is illustrated by the difficulties inherent in the conception of Cause, Space, Time, Matter, Motion, the Infinite, and the Absolute, and by the" relativity of knowledge,"which precludes knowledge of the Unknowable, since" all thinking is relationing."Yet the Unknowable may exist, and we may even have an" indefinite knowledge "of it, positive, though vague and extralogical.

It is inherent in every human being.

It was his inherent jurisdiction.

That issue is inherent in concepts of special education.

The NGOs may well prove invaluable in overcoming the limitations inherent in international organizations that are comprised of sovereign states.

There are inherent contradictions in the new labor policy in relation to the real experiences of young people.

There was an inherent limitation, to the extent of reliance on the work of others from the start.

There was an inherent weakness in the design.

All the seeds we have today have these inherent limits built into them that we still haven't figured out how to change.

The following chapter catalogs the difficulties inherent in trying to end war, which in the past brought misery and destruction and in the future could bring annihilation.

The character inherent in the American people has done all that has been accomplished; and it would have done somewhat more, if the government had not sometimes got in its way.

Biographical historians and historians of separate nations understand this force as a power inherent in heroes and rulers.

They do not recognize it as a power inherent in heroes and rulers, but as the resultant of a multiplicity of variously directed forces.

Some see it as a force directly inherent in heroes, as the peasant sees the devil in the locomotive; others as a force resulting from several other forces, like the movement of the wheels; others again as an intellectual influence, like the smoke that is blown away.

What is inherent vice - Sesli Sözlük

inherent vice Definition of inherent vice in English English dictionary

A defect or cause of loss arising out of the nature of the goods in question The quality that something has to deteriorate or damage itself without outside help, e g. milk sours; coal combusts spontaneously A fault in property that leads to its self-destruction Insurance contracts usually exclude such damage (PR,IM) A condition which is in the very nature of the property and results in damage For example, if you fill an ordinary glass vessel with very hot water, it will crack This is an inherent vice It is in the very nature of ordinary glasses to crack under such conditions (Vice inhérent or Vice propre de la chose assurée) A condition of the particular goods themselves which by their very nature causes a deterioration For example, vegetable and meat will not keep unless special arrangements are made to avoid their deterioration Eggs, if not refrigerated, will go bad Insurance term normally used to exclude losses resulting from spoilage as a consequence of the inherent nature of the goods A condition or defect that exists within property from the beginning; a tendency of the property itself Insurance policies usually exclude inherent vice A defect or inherent quality of the goods or their packing which of itself may contribute to their deterioration, injury, wastage or final destruction without any negligence An insurance term referring to any defect or other characteristics of a product that could result in damage to the product without external cause Insurance policies may specifically exclude losses caused by inherent vice A flaw in an item of property that will, in time, reveal itself and show the property as damaged Property insurance does not normally cover such damage A fault in property that leads to its self-destruction Insurance contracts usually exclude such damage Property and Inland Marine A fault in property that leads to its self-destruction Insurance contracts usually exclude such damage An insurance term referring to any defect or other characteristics of a product which could result in damage to the product without external cause Insurance policies may specifically exclude losses caused by inherent vice A property flaw or fault which causes its own destruction Damages from inherent vices are usually not covered through insurance

Turkish pronunciation Pronunciation

/ənˈherənt ˈvīs/ /ɪnˈhɛrənt ˈvaɪs/

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