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French In Action Lesson 14 Homework

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GCSE Media Action Adventure Lesson 14 - Hero types

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GCSE Media Action Adventure Lesson 14 - Hero types

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Lesson 14: L - Imperatif

Lesson 14: L’Imperatif / The Imperative Learning Material

Read the following passage in French to help prepare you for the Lesson. Notice the use of the imperative. Don’t worry if you don’t fully understand it yet. This lesson will go into detail about how to form and use the imperative. Once you’ve finished the lesson, you can come back to this passage for further practice, and, of course, use Brainscape’s Sentence Builder to help you master the imperative more efficiently!

Passage en Français:

Ce qu’il faut faire pour passer pour un Parisien:

1. NE marchez PAS dans la rue avec un beret et une baguette sous votre bras, comme si vous étiez dans un film américain des années 50. (Les scénaristes ne voyageaient pas à cette époque)

2. Entrainez-vous à avoir l’air cool et inaccessible avant d’arriver sur le territoire français.

3. Faites semblant de ne pas parler Français quand un étranger vous demande une direction et répondez en français. Rapidement.

4. NE montrez PAS d’enthusiasme ou d’excitation pendant une conversation. Ce serait vous dévoiler.

5. Ne vous habillez pas trop chic pour sortir en boîte ou pour un rencard. Les parisiens s’habillent très simplement quand ils sortent. Demoiselles, jeans et débardeurs sont parfaits pour les soirées. Chers Messieurs, il va falloir s’y faire, tout vêtement serré fera l’affaire. Dans tous les cas, préparez-vous à sacrifier le confort pour le style. Les Parisiens ont le sens des priorités.

6. Ne rigolez pas avec ce “Roh Roh Roh” que votre cerveau attribue inexpliquablement aux français. Ils vous hairont.

7.Sentez-vous libre d’exprimer toute la colère de votre vie accumulée lorsque vous conduisez. (Mais préparez-vous à en recevoir autant.)

8. Sortez rapidement des restaurants et de boîtes de nuit pour fumer une cigarette, et ayez enfin l’air heureux.

9. Entraînez-vous à fixer les gens dans le métro. Ne baissez pas le regard.

10. NE rentrez PAS dans une conversation politique avancée pour dire que vous “savez uniquement que Sarkozy a une jolie femme”. (En fait, ne faîtes pas ça aux Etats-Unis non plus)

11. Résistez à cette envie intense de manger votre hamburger avec les mains dans un restaurant. Prenez ce couteau et cette fourchette, et prétendez que le goût est le même.

12. N’admettez JAMAIS que vous n’aimez pas les escargots. Faites comme si vous les adoriez, ça passe toujours mieux !

LESSON 14 — THE IMPERATIVE

INTRODUCTION: In the past several lessons, we have dedicated some time to learning how to construct more complex thoughts in French as well as how to express different verbal tenses. In this lesson, we will move away from some of these tenses and focus instead on a new grammatical mood: the imperative. Expressing commands in French requires a knowledge of the imperative mood, a mood that works exactly as it does in English but that requires a few more steps in order to use it correctly. Before beginning this lesson, it might be a good idea to review the present tense, introduced in Lesson 2. if you have not mastered it yet.

After you’ve finished this lesson, be sure to go back to our “do’s and don’ts” list for those looking to pass as real Parisians. In addition to reducing the likelihood of a cultural mishap on your next trip to France, it will give you plenty of practice with recognizing the imperative in action.

THE IMPERATIVE — L’IMPÉRATIF
The imperative mood is certainly one of the most useful tenses in the French language to learn. Just like its English equivalent, French’s imperative mood allows you to give commands, to make requests, to express desires, to give suggestions, and to provide directions. When you think about the number of times you do these things within a single day, you’ll soon come to realize why the imperative mood is so important in our daily lives. In English, the imperative is fairly easy to form and to recognize. If we are giving someone an order, we simply drop the second-person subject pronoun of a particular verb. (e.g. “Do it!” or “Tell me the truth!”) Meanwhile, if we want to forbid someone from doing something, we just add “don’t” at the very beginning. (e.g. “Don’t do it!” or “Don’t tell me the truth!”) Alternatively, if we want to suggest something to a group of people, we can still use the imperative mood by dropping the first-person plural subject pronoun and adding “Let’s”. (e.g. “Let’s go to the park!”)

The imperative works exactly the same way in French, even though there are some important differences in how the imperative is formed. Not to worry though! All in all, the imperative is fairly easy to master, and soon enough you’ll be using it as easily as you do in English. Let’s get started by looking at how to form imperatives with regular and irregular -ER verbs.

To form an imperative directed at a single person that you know well, simply take the second-person singular (tu ) form of any -ER verb — regular or irregular — in the present tense and drop the subject pronoun, just as you would in English. Then, delete the -s at the end of the verb. The tu form of the imperative does not keep the final -s in almost all cases. That’s it! For example:

Things are even easier when forming an imperative addressed to a group of people or to a single person with whom you want to be more formal. Take the first-person plural (vous ) form of any -ER verb in the present tense and drop the subject pronoun. The verb itself remains exactly the same. Take a look:

Do the same thing with the first-person plural (nous ) form of any present tense -ER verb in order to say “Let’s ______.” For instance:

Nous y allons à pied → Allons-y à pied!
Let’s go on foot!

*Note that in this last example, the pronoun y follows the verb. It is also connected to the verb by a hyphen, or a trait d’union . Pronouns will always follow the verb in the affirmative imperative case. We will go into more detail about pronoun placement shortly.

Negative Imperatives. To make any French imperative negative, simply add ne…pas around the verb in exactly the same way that you normally would.

Essaie de finir tes devoirs! →N’essaiepasde finir tes devoirs!
Don’t try to finish your homework!

For more regular and irregular -IR and -RE verbs, things do not get any more complicated. In order to form the imperative, keep the present tense tu. vous, or nous form of the verb exactly the same and just drop the subject pronoun. Here are some examples:

There are, of course, a few verbs that don’t quite follow this precise pattern. For example, offrir conjugates in the present tense like an -ER verb, even though it ends with -IR. (i.e. j’offre, tu offres, il offre, etc.) As a result, it follows the pattern for -ER verb imperatives instead of the pattern for -IR verb imperatives. Thus, the second-person singular infinitive of offrir is offre. This rule applies to all other verbs that conjugate in the same way as offrir. including souffrir and ouvrir .

Thankfully, however, there are only three verbs that are completely irregular in the imperative mood! They areavoir. être , and savoir . Their irregularities are summarized here below:

Try to commit these few exceptions to memory. As you know by now, avoir. être , and savoir are extremely common verbs. In addition, these same irregular forms will show up again when we study the subjunctive mood in a future lesson.

Now that we know how to form the imperative itself, let’s go into some more detail. After all, there are still plenty of important questions left to answer. Where do direct and indirect object pronouns go within an imperative? What happens to reflexive verbs in the imperative? How do things change if the imperative is negative? Let’s tackle these questions one by one.

Direct and indirect object pronouns come directly after the verb in the imperative affirmative. just like y and en do. They are connected to the verb with a hyphen .

When the imperative is negative. direct and indirect pronouns are placed before the verb like they normally are. As a rule of thumb, when dealing with a negative imperative, simply treat it like a regular verb that has no subject pronoun.

When reflexive verbs are used in the affirmative imperative. the reflexive pronoun is placed after the verb and is linked with the verb using a hyphen. The reflexive pronoun te is replaced with toi when it is placed after the verb. As always with imperatives, remember to drop the subject pronoun.

Nous nous reposons → Reposons- nous !

Likewise, if me or te precede a verb as a direct or an indirect object. then they are replaced with moi and toi. respectively, and are placed after the verb when forming an affirmative imperative. If nous or vous precede a verb as a direct or an indirect object, the same rule applies in the imperative mood, but their forms remain the same. In all of these cases, a hyphen is used to link the verb and the pronoun.

Remember that, if the imperative is negative. we treat the verb as though it were normal. Therefore, reflexive and object pronouns would revert to their standard positions before the verb. All pronouns would also revert to their standard forms.

THE INFINITIVE AS AN IMPERATIVE
Sometimes, you will find the infinitive used in the same way as an imperative. This is most common when dealing with instructions, such as in a cookbook, or with formal directions, such as a sign telling you not to walk on the grass.

Battre les oeufs. Ajouter de l’eau au besoin. Mélanger .
Whisk the eggs. Add water, as needed. Mix.

Ne pas marcher sur la pelouse.
Don’t walk on the grass.

PREPOSITIONS AND MODES OF TRANSPORTATION
Finally, before you take a look at our list of Parisian “do’s and don’ts”, we should spend some time studying how to talk about getting from one place to another. After all, traveling is a bit difficult if you can’t get anywhere!

Referring to modes of transportation can be a bit tricky in French, and there are rather specific rules concerning which prepositions to use when talking about different forms of transport. For instance, if you want to tell someone that you hope to travel “by train,” you can say voyageren train or par le train . However, if you want to travel “by plane,” then you would have to say voyagerenavion . To make things nice and simple, here’s a chart featuring the common modes of travel and their respective prepositions. Refer to this table whenever you want to describe to someone the means by which you are traveling.

Note that the definite article must be used with train when you want to say “by train” (i.e. parletrain ). This is not the case with the other methods of transportation, whose definite articles are omitted before the preposition: à vélo. en métro , en taxi . etc.

Also note that en avion becomes par avion whenever you are referring to the method of transportation that was used specifically to mail a package — un colis envoyé par avion — or a letter — une lettre envoyée par avion .

On a last note, there is a specific set of verbs to use when attempting to say that you “got on” or “got off” of any of these forms of transportation. For getting on. you have a choice of either monter dans or embarquer dans . For getting off. you have the choice of either descendre de or débarquer de .

Jedescende del’avion.
I get off of the plane.

Ilsdébarquaient dutrain quand ils ont vu Marie sur le quai.
They were getting of the train when they say Marie on the platform.

You’ll realize that many of the smaller rules presented in this lesson will come more naturally to you over time. Be sure to go through your Brainscape flashcards and see what sorts of imperatives you can come up with. If you need some added motivation, you could always pretend that you’re ordering someone around!

ESL Holiday: Bastille Day

ESL Holiday Lessons.com
English Lesson Plan on Bastille Day
THE READING / TAPESCRIPT

Bastille Day is France’s most important national holiday. It is celebrated on the 14th of July every year. Every city, town and village becomes red, white and blue as everyone hangs out the French tricolour flag. The holiday’s name in French is Fête Nationale, which means “National Celebration". The 14th of July commemorates the storming of the Bastille on the 14th of July, 1789. The Bastille was a prison that held prisoners who disagreed with the French monarchy. The biggest celebrations are on Paris’ famous Champs-Élysées. There are parades, military bands and festivities during the day, and fireworks displays in the evening. It is a wonderful, happy occasion when French people show their pride in their country.

Bastille Day celebrates the most important day in French history. The storming of the Bastille prison marked the beginning of the French Revolution. The prison was a symbol of the total power of King Louis the 16th. Most French people were very poor and hated how the monarchy and its supporters were so wealthy. The Bastille only had seven prisoners when Parisians attacked it, but it signalled Louis 16th’s power was no longer absolute. Parisians believed their actions meant they were free. It led to the creation of the first French republic in 1792 and the three French ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The French national anthem, La Marseillaise, was written that same year and became official in 1795.

Sources: http://www.wikipedia.org/ and assorted sites.

PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article.

France’s most important

everyone hangs out the French

prisoners who disagreed

in their country

The biggest celebrations are on Paris’

with the French monarchy

French people show their pride

the most important day

King Louis the 16th

the beginning of the

of the first French republic

a symbol of the total power of

Louis 16th’s power was no

in French history

It led to the creation

The French national

LISTENING GAP FILL

Bastille Day is France’s ________________________ holiday. It is celebrated on the 14th of July every year. Every city, town and village becomes red, white and blue ________________________ the French tricolour flag. The holiday’s name in French is Fête Nationale, which means “National Celebration". The 14th of July commemorates ________________________ Bastille on the 14th of July, 1789. The Bastille was a prison that held prisoners ________________________ French monarchy. The biggest celebrations are on Paris’ famous Champs-Élysées. There are parades, military bands ________________________ day, and fireworks displays in the evening. It is a wonderful, happy occasion when French people show ________________________.

Bastille Day celebrates the most important day in French history. The storming of the Bastille prison ________________________ of the French Revolution. The prison was ________________________ of King Louis the 16th. Most French people were very poor and hated how the monarchy and its ________________________. The Bastille only had seven prisoners when Parisians attacked it, but it signalled Louis 16th’s power was ________________________. Parisians believed ________________________ were free. It led to the creation of the first French republic in 1792 and the three French ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The French national anthem, La Marseillaise, was written that same year and ________________________.

WHILE READING / LISTENING GAP FILL

Put the words into the gaps in the text.

Bastille Day is France’s most important __________ holiday. It is celebrated on the 14th of July every year. Every city, town and __________ becomes red, white and blue as everyone __________ out the French tricolour flag. The holiday’s name in French is Fête Nationale, which __________ “National Celebration". The 14th of July commemorates the storming of the Bastille on the 14th of July, 1789. The Bastille was a prison that __________ prisoners who disagreed with the French monarchy. The biggest celebrations are on Paris’ famous Champs-Élysées. There are parades, __________ bands and festivities during the day, and fireworks __________ in the evening. It is a wonderful, happy occasion when French people show their __________ in their country.

Bastille Day celebrates the most important day in French __________. The storming of the Bastille prison __________ the beginning of the French Revolution. The prison was a __________ of the total power of King Louis the 16th. Most French people were very poor and hated how the monarchy and its supporters were so __________. The Bastille only had seven prisoners when Parisians attacked it, but it signalled Louis 16th’s __________ was no longer absolute. Parisians believed their actions meant they were __________. It led to the creation of the first French republic in 1792 and the three French __________ of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The French national __________, La Marseillaise, was written that same year and became official in 1795.

CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD

Delete the wrong word in each of the pairs of italics.

Bastille Day is France’s most importance / important national holiday. It is celebrated on the 14th of / for July every year. Every city, town and village becomes red, white and blue as everyone hangs / hanging out the French tricolour flag. The holiday’s name in French is Fête Nationale, which meaning / means “National Celebration". The 14th of July commemorates the storming of the Bastille on the 14th of July, 1789. The Bastille was a prison that held / hold prisoners who disagreed with the French monarchy. The biggest celebrations are on Paris’ famous Champs-Élysées. There are parades, military bands and festivities during one / the day, and fireworks displays in / at the evening. It is a wonderful, happy occasion when French people show their pride by / in their country.

Bastille Day celebrates the most important day in French history. The storming of the Bastille prison marked the beginning at / of the French Revolution. The prison was a symbol of the total powerful / power of King Louis the 16th. Most French people were very poor and hatred / hated how the monarchy and its supporters were such / so wealthy. The Bastille only had seven prisoners when Parisians attacked it, but it signalled Louis 16th’s power was no length / longer absolute. Parisians believed their actions meant they were free / freely. It led to the creation of the first French republic in 1792 and the three French ideals of / for liberty, equality, and fraternity. The French national anthem, La Marseillaise, was written that same year and became officially / official in 1795.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

Bastille Day is France’s (1) ____ important national holiday. It is celebrated on the 14th of July (2) ____ year. Every city, town and village becomes red, white and blue as everyone hangs out the French tricolour flag. The holiday’s name (3) ____ French is Fête Nationale, which means “National Celebration". The 14th of July commemorates the storming of the Bastille on the 14th of July, 1789. The Bastille was a prison that (4) ____ prisoners who disagreed with the French monarchy. The biggest celebrations are on Paris’ famous Champs-Élysées. There are parades, (5) ____ bands and festivities during the day, and fireworks displays in the evening. It is a wonderful, happy occasion when French people show their pride (6) ____ their country.

Bastille Day celebrates the most important day in French history. The storming of the Bastille prison (7) ____ the beginning of the French Revolution. The prison was a symbol of the total (8) ____ of King Louis the 16th. Most French people were very poor and hated how the monarchy and its supporters were (9) ____ wealthy. The Bastille only had seven prisoners when Parisians attacked it, but it signalled Louis 16th’s power was no (10) ____ absolute. Parisians believed their actions meant they were free. It led to the (11) ____ of the first French republic in 1792 and the three French ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity. The French national anthem, La Marseillaise, was written that (12) ____ year and became official in 1795.

Put the correct words from this table into the article.

Assignments - Lecon 2

Assignments - Le�on 3

This assignment page will tell you what I want you to turn in as homework. Send me those pages marked with an asterisk *. The Plan contains the answers to all or most of the exercises that follow. Feel free to check your work before you send it to me. Many of these exercises will also appear on your exam. Check the exam description for details.

Your first assignment for French in Action lesson 3 is simply going to be a part of your review of the introduction and lesson 2. Just write out and send me the French equivalents of the following. Work on these until you can do them without looking at the French sheet. When you can do that, you are ready for the review portion of the exam.

Language study is a cumulative thing, and I will expect you to remember all of the earlier material as we proceed from lesson to lesson.

Now for something new. Read the text for le�on 3 (pp. 13-16) and use the text vocabulary sheet to try to figure out what everything means.

Your translation should be close to this

There is nothing to write out and send in on this assignment, but I will expect you to be able to give me the English equivalent of anything in the text. Again, repetition is the key.

Now go to the Mise en Oeuvre section (p. 17) and figure out what the questions mean.

Mise en oeuvre (English meaning of the questions)

Referring to the text, try to find the answers to the questions.

Mise en oeuvre (French questions with the correct answers)

How did you do? Here are the questions and answers in English. Send me these questions and answers in French. I will expect you to do this for me on an exam, so practice, practice, practice.

Now we will move to the workbook, page 13. I will give you the English sentences describing the pictures. You give me the French equivalent.

Now I want you to go to page 14 in the workbook and the section on types of questions in the Plan. Study the material and practice creating the various questions in French. Send me the French equivalent of the following:

Study the masculine and feminine forms on page 19 of the workbook. Do exercises 26 and 40.

Now study the immediate future in the Plan and try exercises 33 and 34. Practice writing the complete sentences in French for these two exercises using the English as your cue and send them to me..

Now do the same thing for exercise 39 which deals with the definite (the) and indefinite articles (a, an, some). Practice writing the complete sentences in French and send them to me.