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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Vaccine - 743 words
VaccineChildren are one of God's best gifts to people, as watching their children growis one of the best pleasures people enjoy during their life course. For thisreason, parents must take good care of their children during their early years, as they are vulnerable to many diseases due to their weak immunity. There aremany diseases, infecting children, that may lead to death such as the poliodisease. Scientists found a solution to this problem, by injecting a tiny sampleof the virus into the child's blood, in order to stimulate the immune system tofight the disease if the child catches it, which is known as vaccination. However, McTaggart contradicts this by pointing out that vaccination problemsfar outweigh those of going unvaccinated (1). Therefore, there are manyquestions concerning the safety and effectiveness of vaccines as opposed tothose of going unvaccinated. Vaccines can cause complications that are more harmful than those of goingunvaccinated or even the disease itself. Professor of epidemiology at theuniversity of Washington, Dr Russell Alexander, points out that the panel setup to determine the risks of vaccination did not compare it to those of beingunvaccinated (qtd in Miller 9).
This means that the research done by the panel, which proved vaccination risks to be 'too small to count', contains manyweaknesses. McTaggart links the appearance of learning disabilities, autism, andhyperactivity to the beginning of the mass vaccination programs (1). Thus, vaccination is directly related to many diseases, in which some are stillunknown. McTaggart adds that the mumps vaccine has proved to be a direct causeof seizures, meningitis, deafness, and encephalitis. (6). These are extremelydangerous and unrecoverable diseases
Dr J Anthony Morris, an immunizationspecialist formerly of America's 'National Institutes of Health' and 'Food andDrug Administration' says that 'In several of the studies, the measles vaccinestrain has been recovered from the spines of the victims, showing conclusivelythat the vaccine caused the encephalitis' (qtd in McTaggart. 5). Thus, thisdoctor as a medical authority relates the measles vaccine to a deadly diseasesuch as the encephalitis. On the other hand, the risks of catching the diseasefor unvaccinated children are similar, if not less, to the risks of developingharmful complications due to the vaccine. Therefore, vaccination is more riskyto your child than going unvaccinated. In addition to the safety problems, vaccines have also proven to be ineffectiveamong many children.
McTaggart reasons the current debate about vaccination tothe fact that measles portion of the triple shot is not working (2). This meansthat children who receive the triple shot, called MMR, which is a short hand formeasles, mumps, and rubella, are not completely immune against these diseases. McTaggart adds that the cases of measles are increasing exponentially during thelast decade (2). Similar to measles, McTaggart states that rubella's portion ofthe vaccine showed failure in preventing this fatal disease (3). Therefore, thefact that vaccination is not effective is common in many diseases. According tothe 'Centers for Disease Control Morbidity and Mortality' in 1985, about 80percent of measles cases occurring to children in America were in vaccinatedones who were vaccinated in an appropriate age (McTaggart 3). Therefore, generally vaccination is ineffective against most diseases. Vaccine supporters defend vaccines claiming that it caused a reduction in thenumber of disease cases among children upon its invention.
However, this claimis wrong, as it lacks an important side, which is was the number of diseaseamong children increasing or decreasing before the vaccine invention. Byreviewing the child disease history before vaccine's invention, we see that thenumber of child-disease cases was already decreasing before the invention ofvaccines. Nowadays, the number of child-disease cases are beginning to growagain due to the increasing use of vaccines. Vaccines are not the reason for thedecreasing number of child-disease cases, as it is steadily increasing nowadays. Therefore, vaccinated children face more problems than the unvaccinated ones. Vaccination is hazardous to the child's health and could cause even greatercomplications than those of the disease itself. In addition to safety problems, vaccination has proved to be ineffective against many diseases such as measlesand rubella to name some of them.
Besides, Castro infers in 'House and Home'magazine, that childhood illness gives the child's immunity a chance to developstronger and more resistant to diseases (24). Thus, it is a kind of training forthe immune system of the child against diseases. Therefore, vaccination shouldbe abolished, for it is not safe nor it is effective against many diseases. BibliographyCastro, Miranda. 'Measles, Mumps, Chickenpox, The natural way to nurse them.'.House and Home Apr. 1994: 24-25.McTaggart, Lynne.
The WDDTY vaccination handbook. Miller, Susan Katz. 'Vaccination risks are 'too small to count'. '. NewScientist 25 Sept. 1993: 9.
Research paper and essay writing, free essay topics, sample works Vaccine
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In this paper I am going to talked about what is the bird flu, how do humans get the bird flu, how can people catch the bird flu from another person, has the bird flu been seen in the United States, what are the signs and symptoms of the bird flu in humans and is… View Article
Since regional elimination has been acquired with the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella vaccine, the World Health Organization has plans for worldwide eradication of the diseases. The World Health Organization has come up with a strategic plan to eradicate measles and rubella by implementing a plan to use the forced immunizations like the US has done…. View Article
Discipline normalizes; it fixes the process of training and permanent control. An optimal model will be the one that gives a certain result. Disciplinary normalization consists in trying to get people and their actions to conform this model and norm. Example of smallpox: they developed a mechanism of security with a double integration: rationalization of… View Article
Poliomyelitis is an acute virus disease caused by the poliovirus, characterized by fever, motor paralysis, and atrophy of skeletal muscles. This often results in permanent disability and deformity, and inflammation of nerve cells in the ventral horns of the spinal cords. This disease is also known as infantile paralysis and polio. Polio is transmitted by… View Article
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is used to immunize children against diseases that can cause major disabilities and fatal illnesses. In 1994, the vaccine was mandated for all school children and since then a spike has been seen in the diagnosis of autism. Many of those diagnosis falls within a few months of… View Article
Gain Attention: We have all seen and heard the stories nationally and locally on the topic of the measles vaccination. Most recently, Disneyland in December of 2014, 59 cases were documented due to an outbreak at the amusement park. Out of those 59 cases 34 had their vaccinations (www.quora.com). Locally, according to the Reno Gazette… View Article
The debate is led by anti-vaccinators who oppose vaccinations on ethical, political, religious and medical safety grounds. On the other hand, pro-vaccinators argue that the health benefits of vaccines outweigh the very few adverse effects that they have, and that vaccines have been largely advantageous to public health. Main points of contention: Pro-vaccinators (usually health… View Article
In this world, there are over 12,000 diseases caused by either bacteria or viruses, and most of them are yet to be discovered. One of the dreadful diseases revealed is polio (which is shortened for poliomyelitis) (Ballard). The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, multiplies in the throat and intestine, and spreads through… View Article
Polio had existed in society for a long time in history, although not as big a problem in history as in the 20th century, when greater emphasis was put on sanitation and children stopped getting the disease as babies. The effects of this disease on society were great. People feared that tomorrow they or their… View Article
The topic of laws mandating vaccinations is a much debated issue. A large number of parents argue they should not be forced to vaccinate their children in order for them to attend public school and daycare. One reason for the controversy of their use is the increased number of children with autism, which some reports… View Article
I. Introduction a.Thesis: Children should be vaccinated because vaccination protects them against sickness, reduces the spread of common ailments, and can protect individuals who cannot be vaccinated. b. Strategy: Ask a provoking/rhetorical question II.Protecting against sickness III.Reducing the spread of common ailments IV.Protecting individuals who can’t be vaccinated V.Conclusion a.Strategy: Recommendation Did you know that… View Article
Immunisation protects people against harmful disease. It uses the body’s natural defence to build resistance to speciﬁc infections (Australia Government Department of Health, 2013). It was Edward Jenner who developed the ﬁrst vaccine in 1976 against small pox. Centuries later the next vaccine was developed by Louis Pasteur. This was the anti-rabies vaccine (Lombard, Pastoret,… View Article
Measels, also known as rubeola, is a viral respiratory illness. Although vaccination is available in developed countries, it remains one of the leading causes of death among children worldwide (CDC, 2013). The degree of contagiousness of measles contributes to this alarming statistic. The first sign of measles is often an extremely elevated temperature and lasts… View Article
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When I became pregnant with my first child in late 1998, my life was forever changed. For the first time, I had someone else to think about, someone else to worry about. I did my best to follow the orders of the doctor the girlfriend-esque physician that I had chosen to deliver my bundle of joy. I took my prenatal vitamins and made sure that I was eating enough for two. In fact, I may have been eating for triplets during that pregnancy, as I gained a whopping 60 pounds!
My daughter became the center of my universe in August of 1999. I could not imagine doing anything to put that little 8 pound 12 ounce angel face into harm’s way. Being young and naïve, I questioned nothing that they did to her. She was given her Hepatitis B vaccine without ever giving it a second thought. The doctor said that it was necessary, so be it.
Many go through life following doctor’s orders without ever thinking “what if they’re wrong?”, “what if this makes me sick?” Doctors are people whom we trust, without question. We take their advice and always assume that they would never do anything to put us or our children into harm’s way. Our best interest is always in their forethought, or at least, that is our assumption.
Even though many of us trust our doctors without fail, many parents are choosing to take a different approach these days when it comes to vaccinations. Many are choosing a delayed vaccination schedule for their children, while others are choosing to forego many vaccinations that are viewed as essential by the medical community. Even though there is much evidence to support the need and effectiveness of many vaccinations used in the United States, parents should have the right to choose, not the government, whi.
. middle of paper.
. e Vaccine Schedule?” WebMD. N.p. 2 July 2012. Web. 8 April 2014.
Koch, Kathy. "Vaccine Controversies." CQ Researcher. 25 Aug. 2000: 641-72. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
National Conference of State Legislatures. “HPV Vaccine.” NCSL.org. N.p. N.d. Web. 20 April 2014.
National Vaccine Information Center. “Gardasil and HPV Infection: Get the Facts.” NVIC.org. N.p. N.d. Web. 20 April 2014.
Seither, Ranee. "Vaccination Coverage Among Children In Kindergarten -- United States, 2012-13
School Year." MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 62.30 (2013): 607-612. Academic
Search Complete. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
“The History of Vaccines: Timeline.” History of Vaccines. The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, n.d. Web. 8 April 2014.
"Vaccinations: Myth Vs. Reality." Harvard Women's Health Watch 20.12 (2013): 5. Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
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Essay about Vaccinating Children Should Be Mandatory - It used to be that vaccinations were considered a normal part of childhood, right along with loosing teeth and toilet training. However, in recent years vaccinations have become an extremely hot button issue, with many parents actually choosing not to vaccinate their children. The idea seems preposterous considering how many people were left with twisted backs, and withered limbs due to polio, or the amount of deaths as a result of measles. To see someone who has been left in an iron lung from a disease that is now preventable, and still choose not to prevent the disease seems absolutely asinine, and yet many parents are doing just that. [tags: Vaccines Should Be Required]
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Essay on Vaccinations: Vaccines Should Be Mandatory For All People - Vaccinations are designed to help people go through their everyday life. A country doctor, Edward Jenner, who lived in Berkeley, England, first administered vaccines in 1796 (Health Affairs). Throughout history, vaccinations have become better to where they are safer for the human body. Everyone should get vaccinated against certain disease to stay healthy. Vaccines have been proven to make people immune to serious diseases (Childhood Immunization). By being vaccinated the person is not only helping themselves but others around them too. [tags: Edward Jenner, childhood vaccines]
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Parents of young children have many decisions to make, and one of the most debated of those decisions is whether to vaccinate their children. From the first vaccination in 1796 to today, physicians and parents have discussed the positive and negative effects of vaccinating children against diseases that threaten their health. Those who oppose vaccinations mention receiving the disease after vaccinated, fear of autism, and serious side effects as reasons not to vaccinate children. However, research shows the benefits of vaccinating outweigh the potential risks of not doing so.
English physician Edward Jenner gave the first vaccination in 1796. Jenner’s new technique diminished the outbreak of smallpox, a disease that claimed the lives of millions throughout the centuries. While it transformed the prevention of disease, Jenner’s breakthrough did not immediately lead to vaccination becoming the standard. It was not until 1879 that Louis Pasteur and Emile Roux created a rabies vaccine. Almost 220 years later, vaccinations against more than thirty life-threatening diseases exist.
A vaccination is the injection or inhalation of a vaccine to prevent disease. Vaccines contain weakened or killed disease-causing antigens that stimulate the immune system, creating antibodies to prevent the disease. Prior to administration, vaccines undergo extensive review by doctors and other members of the scientific community. Through thorough testing most severe side effects disappear, which vaccine proponents believe result in the benefits outweighing possible side effects.
Health-related benefits of vaccinating young children include ridding individuals of vulnerabilities to diseases early in life. Childhood vaccinations in the United States prevent about ten and a half million cases of infectious illnesses and 33,000 deaths per year, according to the Pediatric Academic Society. While young and vulnerable, a child has a greater risk of receiving complications from diseases. Vaccinations cause humans to develop antibodies, which fight diseases, allowing the body to defeat possible illnesses. Societal benefits include preventing parents from using unpaid leave from work to take care of their ill children, fewer missed school days for children, and saving money spent on visiting the doctor. It has also been proven that people immunized against diseases pass their immunities onto their children, which results in a healthier and more disease-resistant society as a whole.
In addition to the health and societal benefits, vaccinations aid in subduing and sometimes eradicating disease. Before the development of the HIB vaccine in the 1980s, individuals reported 20,000 cases of HIB each year. Today, due to the vaccine, physicians treat fewer than 100 cases of HIB annually. Children can still receive the disease after getting the vaccination, however, they will have milder symptoms with less serious complications than an un-vaccinated child.
In the United States, the Department of Health and Human Services governs vaccinations, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintains the schedule by which children must receive vaccinations in order to attend public school. All fifty states require certain vaccinations for entry to public school. Requirements for a child entering kindergarten include vaccination against polio, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B and varicella. As of 2009, the national vaccination rate among school-aged children was 95.41%. Although extensive research exists proving the benefits of childhood vaccination, many subcultures oppose the practice. In forty-eight states, schools allow exemptions to vaccination policies because of religious beliefs. Mississippi and West Virginia, however, do not accept religious exemptions.
Despite the many known benefits of immunization, side effects of injected and inhaled vaccinations exist. Tenderness at the injection site, discomfort, swelling and fever are among the mild side effects of vaccinations. Vaccinations have triggered cases of several autoimmune diseases, such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis and lupus. Even more severe conditions, including autism and autism-spectrum disorder Asperger’s, may have a direct correlation in vaccinated children. Studies have shown the vaccine additive Thimerosal associates with the development of autism. In addition, between the years 1988 and 2009, 1,322 children suffered severe brain damage as a result of vaccinations. Doctors constantly look for ways to combine vaccines together so children can receive less shots overtime. Due to the combination of vaccines stronger side effects may occur, but even the severe side effects seem worth the risk, when compared to the number of deaths avoided by immunizations.
Despite the negative side effects linked to vaccinations, prevention of disease has resulted in a healthier society, less illness among school-aged children, and the reduction or eradication of many deadly diseases. As scientists continue to develop and physicians continue to administer more immunizations, children will become more resistant to diseases that threatened the lives of ancestors. Dr. Ryan Keller, a pediatric doctor in Florida, stated, “People are making decisions that have never seen the illnesses that vaccinations prevent. Children used to frequently die or be crippled of these diseases, we just see what good the vaccinations have done for us today”.
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