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Sparknotes Animal Farm Themes Essay

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Animal farm Analysis Essay essays

From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Animal Farm Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes.

After reading Animal Farm, you are to write an essay over ONE (1) of the following questions to show that you understand the main ideas of the book.

Interpretive essay animal farm KEYWORD essays and term papers available at echeat.com, the largest free essay community.

SparkNotes: Animal Farm: Study Questions Essay Topics

Literary Heritage Prose A664 Animal Farm George OrwellYou will have a choice of two questions and 45 minutes to answ. essay plan for animal farm assessment. Suzanna R Animal farm. Rakesh Rajdev Animal farm.

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Animal Farm Themes from LitCharts

Animal Farm Themes

Animal Farm depicts a revolution in progress. Old Major gives the animals a new perspective on their situation under Mr. Jones. which leads them to envision a better future free of human exploitation. The revolution in Animal Farm, like all popular revolutions, arises out of a hope for a better future. At the time of the revolution, even the pigs are excited by and committed to the idea of universal animal equality.

One of the main tenets of Animalism is that all animals are equal. But quite quickly the pigs begin to refer to themselves as "mindworkers" to distinguish themselves from the other animals, who are physical laborers. Over time, this sense of separation takes hold: the pigs begin to discourage their children from playing with the children of the other animals, and then establish themselves as absolute rulers of the "lesser" menial laborers. Animal Farm shows…

While Animal Farm condemns all forms of totalitarianism, it is most explicitly a bitter attack on the Soviet Union. Though Orwell supported the ideas of Socialism, he strongly opposed the Soviet Union's descent into totalitarianism under Stalin. Animal Farm satirically attacks the Soviet Union by mirroring many events from Soviet history in the novel. The events of Animal Farm that mirror historical events in the Soviet Union, such as the revolution and the subsequent corruption…

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Essay about Animal Farm, Theme, Tone, Imagery etc

Animal Farm, Theme, Tone, Imagery etc,.

The theme of “Animal Farm” by George Orwell is there are dangers of a naïve working class if the abuse of language as instrumental to the abuse of power is applied. For example, on page 31 “Comrades! You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in selfishness and privilege? Milk and apples contain substances absolutely necessary to the well-being of a pig. We pigs are brain workers; the organization of the farm totally depends on us” Squealer cried. This is manipulation of language to make the Animals believe that the pigs should be given the best of the food production. According to Squealer mental work is more exhausting than physical work. This shows manipulation, because Orwell refers back to the Russian Revolution of 1917 when Stalin took over Russia and he didn’t follow Marx’s ideas, as Napoleon didn’t follow the idea of Animalism. Joseph Stalin killed anything in his path and modified the laws to his benefit, as Napoleon did throughout the book. Also, on page 100 the hens are requested to give six hundred eggs a week, and the other animals wore asked to build a windmill and a schoolroom while their food rations are being reduced. Everything in total is mostly for the pigs benefit, as in the schoolroom for the teachings of the young pigs, and the money for the sale of the eggs is making. There are dangers of having a naïve working class because, people can be manipulated by the abuse of propaganda. Tone

Orwell creates an indignant tone throughout the classic Animal Farm. The indignant tone is shown through out the book, because Orwell feels anger about how unfair the Russian Revolution was and, how naïve society can be when people don’t work for rights. In Chapter V, “At this there was a terrible baying sound outside, and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn. They dashed straight for Snowball, who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws.” According to SparkNotes.

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Animalfarm Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950),[1] who used the pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment todemocratic socialism.[2][3]AnimalFarm is an allegorical and dystopian novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalin era in the Soviet Union.[1]Orwell, a democratic socialist,[2] was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War.[3] The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror. Old Major, the old boar on the Manor Farm . summons the animals on the farm together for a meeting, during which he refers to humans as parasites and teaches the animals a revolutionary song called Beasts of England. When Major dies, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, assume command and consider it a duty to prepare for the Rebellion. The animals revolt and drive the drunken and irresponsible farmer Mr. Jones from the farm . renaming it.

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THEMES OF ‘ANIMALFARM ’ Although Orwell aims his satire at dictatorship—Communism, Fascism, and Capitalism—AnimalFarm has its structure largely based on the events of the Russian Revolution that took place between 1917 and 1944, when Orwell was writing the novella. Much of what happens in the novella symbolically describes specific developments in the history of Russian Communism, and several of the animal characters are based on real participants in the Russian Revolution. Due to the universal relevance of the novella’s themes . we do not need to possess an encyclopedic knowledge of Marxist Leninism or Russian history in order to appreciate Orwell’s satire of them. Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas investigated in a literary work. AnimalFarm is most famous in the West as a harsh analysis of the history and language of the Russian Revolution. Retelling the story of the emergence and development of Soviet communism in the form of an animal fable, AnimalFarm allegorizes the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin. In the novella, the overthrow of the human oppressor Mr. Jones by a democratic coalition of animals quickly gives way to the consolidation of power among the pigs. Much like the Soviet intelligentsia, the pigs establish themselves as the ruling.

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AnimalFarm . Critical Essay In the era of the Russian Revolution George Orwell wrote the fable known as “AnimalFarm ” to highlight the events and outcome of the revolution. Orwell symbolises iconic figures during the revolution through the use of farmanimals such as pigs, cows and donkeys. Throughout the novel Orwell takes us through the story of the animals and how they deal with overtaking the human race, food shortages, deaths and have to tolerate with the horrors of having a tyrannical leader. Napoleon makes a strong impact on the readers as a character to be wary of as he slowly starts to sabotage the animal’s hard work and the equal society. Instantly the readers are suspicious of his scheming and forceful behaviour. During chapter 2, the first impression of Napoleon gives us a warning of the tyrant leader he will soon develop into. “Napoleon was a large, rather fierce – looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm . not much of a talker but with a reputation for getting his own way.” Due to the fact Napoleon is ‘fierce – looking’ directly gives the impression he is frightening and to be afraid upon. The idea that he doesn’t talk much but has ‘a reputation for getting his own way’ which conjures the idea he uses violent tactics and force to get what he wants. With this first portrayal of Napoleon the reader is now cautious of his character.

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extent do you agree? George Orwell’s novel, AnimalFarm shows the overlaying theme of the corruption of power. Power, more often than not, causes the bearer to become corrupt, which causes them to lose most sense, besides that, which will get them more power. In the beginning of the novel we are introduced to Old Major. He holds power on Manor Farm . Old Major uses his power to introduce Animalism and the Seven Commandments. He dies before we can see if his power corrupts would him. Napoleon who takes control of the farm next lives throughout the book therefore we see the corruption of his high status of power. One other animal that we see have the status of power is Boxer. He doesn’t have the same type of power as the other two animals nor would he use it in the same way if he had. Boxer is one example of someone who has power but doesn’t let it corrupt him. Power can only corrupt you if you let it. Power contains many factors in the lead up to corruption. AnimalFarm shows the how depending on your nature and what you do and treat your power; it will change whether for the good or the bad. Old Major is the power head at the beginning of the novel. He is well respected among the other animals to which they are “happy to lose an hour’s sleep in order to hear what he had to say”. At the time Old Major is one of the smartest if not.

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Theme Analysis The theme of AnimalFarm is not difficult to understand. Orwell intended to criticize the communist regime he saw sweeping through Russia and spreading to Europe and even the United States. Though he agreed with many Marxist principles, Orwell was unable to accept the communist interpretation of socialism because he saw many similarities between the communist governments and the previous czarist regimes in old Russia. Communism, he thought, was inherently hypocritical.In his self-proclaimed “fairy-story,” Orwell uses his allegorical farm to symbolize the communist system. Though the original intention of overthrowing Mr. Jones (who represents the Czars), is not inherently evil in itself, Napoleon’s subsequent adoption of nearly all of Mr. Jones’ principles and harsh mistreatment of the animals proves to the reader that indeed communism is not equality, but just another form of inequality. The pigs and dogs take most of the power for themselves, thinking that they are the best administrators of government. Eventually the power corrupts them, and they turn on their fellow animals . eliminating competitors through propaganda and bloodshed. This is of course a reference to Stalin, who murdered many of his own people in order to maintain his dictatorship of Russia. Chapter 1 In Orwell's first chapter, the reader is introduced to all of his wonderful.

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1. In the human world, the people of Russia felt that they weren't being treated fairly. Their leader, Czar Nicholas, was a poor one who corrupted their economy and caused a shortage in population by initiating the war with Japan. The lack of people caused issues in factories and farms which then resulted in a shortage of food and material. The people rioted against the poor conditions and low pay but Czar Nicholas did not agree and came back at them with violence. This is what caused the Russian Revolution. In AnimalFarm . the animals of Manor Farm felt that their farmer, Mr. Jones, was treating the animals of the farm poorly by letting them go hungry for days, lashing out at them, making them work long hours, and not providing warmth in the cold weather. The animals came together in the barn and came to the conclusion that they weren't going to stand for these conditions, causing their revolution. 2. The Seven Commandments of AnimalFarm were made to form the basic structure or the new government. As the pigs became more and more hypocritical, they added onto the original rules. In example, when the pigs execute the animals who had done wrong, the rule “No animal shall kill any other animal ” had “Without cause” added onto the end. This means that their original belief was being altered.

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PlotManor Farm is a former prosperous farm that has fallen on hard times, and suffers under the now ineffective leadership of its drunken and aggressive owner, Mr. Jones. One night, Old Major, the prize boar and the second-oldest on the farm . calls the animals on the farm for a meeting, where he compares the humans to parasites and encourages them to break free from their tyrant's influence, while reminding them that they must hold true to their convictions after they have gained freedom. With that, he teaches the animals a revolutionary song, "Beasts of England", before collapsing dead mid-song to the animals ' horror. The next morning, Jones neglects to feed the animals for breakfast, and they decide to break into the storehouse to help themselves. When Jones wakes up and attempts to intimidate them with his whip, the animals revolt and drive the drunken and irresponsible Mr. Jones from the farm . renaming it "AnimalFarm ". They set to work destroying every trace of Jones' influence, mainly the weapons used against them. An investigation of the farmhouse leads them to concede against living there, though one of the head pigs, an antagonistic boar named Napoleon, takes interest in the abandoned house, and even more so in a litter of puppies left motherless. The Seven Commandments of Animalism are.

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AnimalFarm George Orwell who wrote AnimalFarm uses animals to show how the influences and nature of power can be used for ultimate good or absolute evil. George attempts to show how the good idea of communism can be easily corrupted by the greed of the leader. It is about a group of animals that rebel against the farm owner in order to gain control of the farm and to be treated with more respect. Old Major explains was one of the most respected animals in the farm . He called a meeting one night after Mr. Jones had fallen asleep from being so drunk. Old Major explained to the animals that he had dreamed about life on a farm where animals are not the slaves of the humans and live a life in peace, and all animals are comrades and equal. He went on to tell the comrades “Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever.” (Orwell,6) Orwell paints a grim picture of the political 20th century, a time he believed marked the end of the very concept of human freedom. (Paul Eissen,1997). Three days later, Old Major passes. Though he is not present, his words were very influential on the rest of the animals . Napoleon and Snowball decide to take advantage of the momentum, exaggerate the.

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SparkNotes: Animal Farm: Themes, Motifs & Symbols

Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.

The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union

Animal Farm is most famous in the West as a stinging critique of the history and rhetoric of the Russian Revolution. Retelling the story of the emergence and development of Soviet communism in the form of an animal fable, Animal Farm allegorizes the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin. In the novella, the overthrow of the human oppressor Mr. Jones by a democratic coalition of animals quickly gives way to the consolidation of power among the pigs. Much like the Soviet intelligentsia, the pigs establish themselves as the ruling class in the new society.

The struggle for preeminence between Leon Trotsky and Stalin emerges in the rivalry between the pigs Snowball and Napoleon. In both the historical and fictional cases, the idealistic but politically less powerful figure (Trotsky and Snowball) is expelled from the revolutionary state by the malicious and violent usurper of power (Stalin and Napoleon). The purges and show trials with which Stalin eliminated his enemies and solidified his political base find expression in Animal Farm as the false confessions and executions of animals whom Napoleon distrusts following the collapse of the windmill. Stalin’s tyrannical rule and eventual abandonment of the founding principles of the Russian Revolution are represented by the pigs’ turn to violent government and the adoption of human traits and behaviors, the trappings of their original oppressors.

Although Orwell believed strongly in socialist ideals, he felt that the Soviet Union realized these ideals in a terribly perverse form. His novella creates its most powerful ironies in the moments in which Orwell depicts the corruption of Animalist ideals by those in power. For Animal Farm serves not so much to condemn tyranny or despotism as to indict the horrifying hypocrisy of tyrannies that base themselves on, and owe their initial power to, ideologies of liberation and equality. The gradual disintegration and perversion of the Seven Commandments illustrates this hypocrisy with vivid force, as do Squealer ’s elaborate philosophical justifications for the pigs’ blatantly unprincipled actions. Thus, the novella critiques the violence of the Stalinist regime against the human beings it ruled, and also points to Soviet communism’s violence against human logic, language, and ideals.

The Societal Tendency Toward Class Stratification

Animal Farm offers commentary on the development of class tyranny and the human tendency to maintain and reestablish class structures even in societies that allegedly stand for total equality. The novella illustrates how classes that are initially unified in the face of a common enemy, as the animals are against the humans, may become internally divided when that enemy is eliminated. The expulsion of Mr. Jones creates a power vacuum, and it is only so long before the next oppressor assumes totalitarian control. The natural division between intellectual and physical labor quickly comes to express itself as a new set of class divisions, with the “brainworkers” (as the pigs claim to be) using their superior intelligence to manipulate society to their own benefit. Orwell never clarifies in Animal Farm whether this negative state of affairs constitutes an inherent aspect of society or merely an outcome contingent on the integrity of a society’s intelligentsia. In either case, the novella points to the force of this tendency toward class stratification in many communities and the threat that it poses to democracy and freedom.

The Danger of a Naïve Working Class

One of the novella’s most impressive accomplishments is its portrayal not just of the figures in power but also of the oppressed people themselves. Animal Farm is not told from the perspective of any particular character, though occasionally it does slip into Clover’s consciousness. Rather, the story is told from the perspective of the common animals as a whole. Gullible, loyal, and hardworking, these animals give Orwell a chance to sketch how situations of oppression arise not only from the motives and tactics of the oppressors but also from the naïveté of the oppressed, who are not necessarily in a position to be better educated or informed. When presented with a dilemma, Boxer prefers not to puzzle out the implications of various possible actions but instead to repeat to himself, “Napoleon is always right.” Animal Farm demonstrates how the inability or unwillingness to question authority condemns the working class to suffer the full extent of the ruling class’s oppression.

The Abuse of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power

One of Orwell’s central concerns, both in Animal Farm and in 1984, is the way in which language can be manipulated as an instrument of control. In Animal Farm, the pigs gradually twist and distort a rhetoric of socialist revolution to justify their behavior and to keep the other animals in the dark. The animals heartily embrace Major’s visionary ideal of socialism, but after Major dies, the pigs gradually twist the meaning of his words. As a result, the other animals seem unable to oppose the pigs without also opposing the ideals of the Rebellion. By the end of the novella, after Squealer’s repeated reconfigurations of the Seven Commandments in order to decriminalize the pigs’ treacheries, the main principle of the farm can be openly stated as “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” This outrageous abuse of the word “equal” and of the ideal of equality in general typifies the pigs’ method, which becomes increasingly audacious as the novel progresses. Orwell’s sophisticated exposure of this abuse of language remains one of the most compelling and enduring features of Animal Farm, worthy of close study even after we have decoded its allegorical characters and events.

Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, and literary devices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.

Animal Farm is filled with songs, poems, and slogans, including Major’s stirring “Beasts of England,” Minimus’s ode to Napoleon, the sheep’s chants, and Minimus’s revised anthem, “Animal Farm, Animal Farm.” All of these songs serve as propaganda, one of the major conduits of social control. By making the working-class animals speak the same words at the same time, the pigs evoke an atmosphere of grandeur and nobility associated with the recited text’s subject matter. The songs also erode the animals’ sense of individuality and keep them focused on the tasks by which they will purportedly achieve freedom.

State Ritual

As Animal Farm shifts gears from its early revolutionary fervor to a phase of consolidation of power in the hands of the few, national rituals become an ever more common part of the farm’s social life. Military awards, large parades, and new songs all proliferate as the state attempts to reinforce the loyalty of the animals. The increasing frequency of the rituals bespeaks the extent to which the working class in the novella becomes ever more reliant on the ruling class to define their group identity and values.

Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.

Animal Farm

Animal Farm, known at the beginning and the end of the novel as the Manor Farm, symbolizes Russia and the Soviet Union under Communist Party rule. But more generally, Animal Farm stands for any human society, be it capitalist, socialist, fascist, or communist. It possesses the internal structure of a nation, with a government (the pigs), a police force or army (the dogs), a working class (the other animals), and state holidays and rituals. Its location amid a number of hostile neighboring farms supports its symbolism as a political entity with diplomatic concerns.

The barn at Animal Farm, on whose outside walls the pigs paint the Seven Commandments and, later, their revisions, represents the collective memory of a modern nation. The many scenes in which the ruling-class pigs alter the principles of Animalism and in which the working-class animals puzzle over but accept these changes represent the way an institution in power can revise a community’s concept of history to bolster its control. If the working class believes history to lie on the side of their oppressors, they are less likely to question oppressive practices. Moreover, the oppressors, by revising their nation’s conception of its origins and development, gain control of the nation’s very identity, and the oppressed soon come to depend upon the authorities for their communal sense of self.

The Windmill

The great windmill symbolizes the pigs’ manipulation of the other animals for their own gain. Despite the immediacy of the need for food and warmth, the pigs exploit Boxer and the other common animals by making them undertake backbreaking labor to build the windmill, which will ultimately earn the pigs more money and thus increase their power. The pigs’ declaration that Snowball is responsible for the windmill’s first collapse constitutes psychological manipulation, as it prevents the common animals from doubting the pigs’ abilities and unites them against a supposed enemy. The ultimate conversion of the windmill to commercial use is one more sign of the pigs’ betrayal of their fellow animals. From an allegorical point of view, the windmill represents the enormous modernization projects undertaken in Soviet Russia after the Russian Revolution.

Next: Chapter I