RAINFOREST FOR KIDS AND TEACHERS
Basic, simple information for young children to start with.
Wealth of the Rainforest - Pharmacy to the World
Facts. Medicine from the rainforest plants.
Frequently Asked Questions
Frequently asked questions about the rainforest. Answered by the Rainforest Alliance's Executive Director, Daniel R. Katz
Passport to Knowledge. Live from the Rainforest
Detailed facts, lots of pictures, sound clips are more. 5/5
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Encyclopedia Britannica. Tropical Rainforest
Excellent site for reference. Must see.
Gander's Academy Tropical Rainforest Theme
Good site with online activities and more.
RAINFOREST COLORING FOR KIDS
Rainforest Animal Coloring
Lots of rainforest animals and pictures
Rainforest Coloring Book
13 pictures to color
9 Most Endangered Rainforest Animals Coloring Pages
Rainforest is described as tall, hot and dense forest near the equator and is believed to be the oldest living ecosystems on Earth which gets maximum amount of rainfall. If you don’t know too much about tropical rainforests. then you will probably be surprised to find that there are a few little known facts out there about them. This type of habitat is very different, in comparison to many of the other habitats that you are used to being around. Here you will find some important facts about the tropical rainforest that you may not have known previously.
Below are 35 facts on Tropical Rainforests
Fact 1: Rainforests only cover around 2 percent the total surface area of the Earth, but really about 50 percent of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest.
Fact 2: Rainforests are the forests that receive high amount of rainfall.
Fact 3: You can find rainforests in many countries, not just in South America. They can be found in Alaska and Canada, as well as Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Fact 4: Rainforests are found on all of the different continents, except for Antarctica because it is far too cold there for the environment to be conducive.
Fact 5: There are two different types of rainforests. and they include both temperate and tropical. The tropical rainforests are the ones that are most commonly found around the world.
Fact 6: Rainforests help to regulate the temperatures around the world and the weather patterns as well.
Fact 7: A fifth of our fresh water is found in tropical rainforests, the Amazon Basin to be exact.
Fact 8: Rainforests help to maintain our supply of drinking water and fresh water, so they are critical in the sustainability of the earth.
Fact 9: About 1/4 of natural medicines have been discovered in rainforests.
Fact 10: Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find 1500 flowering plant species, 750 types of trees, and many of these plants can be helpful in combating cancer.
Fact 11: 70% or more of the plants that are used to treat cancer are found only in the tropical rainforests on the planet.
Fact 12: Over 2000 types of plants that you find in the rainforest can be used to help aide in cancer treatment because they have anti cancer properties.
Fact 13: The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world.
Fact 14: Less than one percent of the species of plants in the tropical rainforests have actually been analyzed to determine their value in the world of medicine.
Fact 15: Rainforests are threatened each and every day, especially by practices such as agriculture, ranching, logging and mining.
Fact 16: There were around 6 million square miles of rainforest in the beginning, but now because of deforestation. there are really only less than half of that still found in the world.
Fact 17: If the rainforests continue to decline in the way that they have been, then about 5-10 percent of their species will go extinct every ten years.
Fact 18: 90% of the worlds forests are in the underdeveloped or developed countries around the world.
Fact 19: Every second there is part of the rainforest that is cut down. In fact, you probably lose over 80,000 football fields worth of rainforest each and every day.
Fact 20: There are a lot of different types of animals that can be found in the rainforest, and most of them cannot live anywhere else because they depend on the environment of the rainforest for their most basic needs.
Fact 21: About 90% of 1.2 billion people living in poverty worldwide depend on rainforests for their daily needs.
Fact 22: A lot of the oxygen supply that we have throughout the world is supplied by the tropical rainforests, even though they are miles and miles away. This may come as a shock to some people.
Fact 23: The average temperature of the tropical rainforest remains between 70 and 85° F.
Fact 24: Timber, coffee, cocoa and many medicinal products are few of the products produced by rainforests, including those used in the treatment of cancer.
Fact 25: Rainforests are constantly being destroyed by multinational logging companies, land owners and state government to make way for new colonies, industrial units.
Fact 26: Trees in tropical rainforests are so dense that it takes approximately 10 minutes for the rainfall to reach the ground from canopy.
Fact 27: About 80% of the flowers found in Australian rainforests are not found anywhere in world.
Fact 28: More than 56,000 square miles of natural forest are lost each year.
Fact 29: Insects make up the majority of living creatures in the tropical rainforest.
Fact 30: Due to large scale deforestation worldwide, only 2.6 million square miles remain.
Fact 31: A slice of rainforest, approximately equivalent to size of rainforest is destroyed each second which is equivalent to 86,400 football fields of rainforest each day which is equal to 31 million football fields of rainforest each year.
Fact 32: Variety of animals including snakes, frogs, birds, insects, cougars, chameleons, turtles, jaguars and many more are found in tropical rainforests.
Fact 33: At the current rate of depletion, it is estimated that 5–10 percent of tropical rainforest species will be lost per decade.
Fact 34: Most of the tropical rainforests, approximately 57 percent, are located in developing countries.
Fact 35: About 70% of the plants identified by the U.S. National Cancer Institute which can be used in the treatment of cancer are found only in rainforests.
When it comes down to it, it is really important to preserve our world’s rainforests. If you think about how much of an impact the rainforests actually have on our life, even if we don’t live anywhere near a rainforest, you will really see the importance of keeping them around. There are hundreds of other interesting facts out there about rainforests that may surprise you as well. If you haven’t taken any time to learn about the rainforest, then most of this information may actually be new to you. If you have learned about it, whether from school or other sources, then you may know most of this information, if not all of it.
Try to learn more about the tropical rainforests and what you can do to help preserve them. After all, it really just takes everyone doing their part. Even if you think that you can’t make a difference, you are wrong. Everyone can make a difference, and when you think about it – you have to be the change that you would like to see in the world and if you do this and set a great example, others will do the same.
Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since 2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics. He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment around him.
Have you ever heard of the squirrel monkey? Or the flying lizard? Chances are, you haven’t! And if you’re wondering why, well it probably has something to do with the fact that you can find these animals in rainforests. The lush and luxurious rainforest is a world like no other. These tall, dense, wet and warm forests are said to be the oldest living ecosystem on Earth. These forests are named ‘rainforests’ because of the high amount of rainfall they receive every year.
But how much does your kid know about this fascinating ecosystem? And is he interested in learning how the rainforest affects the food we eat and the air we breathe? Or is he keen on conservation and you want to tell him more about rainforests? Read our post and get the answers to these questions and more.Types Of Rainforests:
There are two main types of rainforests, temperate rainforests, and tropical rainforests. Temperate rainforests are found near the coasts of the temperate zones, and tropical rainforests are found close to the equator.
The tropical rainforests remain warm and lush all year round, with the average temperature being anywhere between 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperatures do not change much between day and night. Even the environment is wet in the tropical rainforest, with a humidity of 77% to 87% all day round.
The temperate rainforests are not as extensive as the tropical rainforest, primarily because of the cold weather. The temperate forests also get a lot of rain, but because they are not as warm as the tropical rainforests, they are not many plants. There are around 10 to 20 species of trees found in the temperate rainforests. Most of the trees in the temperate rainforests have broad instead of the needle leaves.What Creates A Rainforest?
Each of the rainforest found on the surface of the earth is unique, but certain features are commonplace to all. Here are a few common things that make a rainforest:1. Location:
Almost all the rain forests fall in the tropics.
The rain forests get around 80 inches or 20 cm of rain every year.3. Canopy:
Canopy is another characteristic feature of the rainforest. A canopy is a layer of leaves and branches formed due to the closely spaced rain forest trees.4. Biodiversity:
Rain forests have a broad range of biodiversity. Scientists and geologist opine that around half of plants and animals species on the earth’s surface thrive in the rainforests.5. Symbiotic Relationship:
The species found in the rainforest work together. For instance- some of the plants found in the rainforests make tiny, house-like structures for the ants. These tiny creatures return the favor by ticking away the insects that try to devour the leaves.Why Do Rainforests Have A Wide Range Of Animals And Plants?
Tropical rainforests all around the world sustain the hugest diversity of living organism. Even though the rainforests cover less than 2% of the earth’s surface, they contain more than 50% of animals and plant species on the land. The reason for such an extensive profusion of plants and animals in the rainforest are:1. Climate:
Rain forests receive loads of sunlight for being located in the tropical region. The sunlight is transformed into energy by the plants during the process of photosynthesis. This process encourages plant growth in the rain forests.2. Canopy:
The canopy is another major reason for the abundance of plants and animal species. The canopy gives food and shelter to the animals, enabling interaction between the different species. Bromeliads, a type of plant in the canopy store water in the leaves, which frogs and other animals use for hunting and laying the eggs.Importance of Rainforest:
When you fly over the heart of the Amazon, it feels like flying over an ocean of green. But do you know what is more surprising than the size of the rainforest? It’s the role rainforests play in our lives. The importance of rainforest to the global ecosystem and our well-being is paramount. Let’s look at a few importance of rainforest below!1. Reservoir Of Genetic Diversity:
Rainforests act as a natural reservoir of genetic diversity, offering a rich source of high yielding foods, medicinal plants and a myriad of other useful products.2. Habitat For Plants And Wildlife:
Rainforests are home to a large number of animals and plant species, including several endangered species. As many as 40 million species of plants and animals live in the tropical forest. Around half of these plant and animal species in the whole world live in the rainforest habitats. These species can survive only in their natural habitat.3. Climate Stabilizer:
Rainforests are called the lung of the planet because of their role in absorbing huge quantities of carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. The excess amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere contributes to climate change. Therefore, rainforests play a crucial role in mitigating climate change. But when the rainforests are burned and chopped down, the carbon dioxide stored in the trees is released into the atmosphere, contributing to the climate change. Rainforests also affect the local weather by moderating temperature, creating rainfall, and buffering against drought, erosion, and flood.4. Help Maintain The Water Cycle:
Rainforests add water to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration. The moisture from transpiration helps in the formation of rain clouds, which are released back onto the rainforest. Cutting down the forest will prevent the formation of the rain cloud, leading to a drastic decline in rainfall. It can even result in drought in extreme cases. The rainforests of the Amazon and Borneo have experienced severe drought in the recent years.Distribution Of Rainforest:
Despite the significant role of the tropical rainforests, they are restricted just to a small land area between the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer, near the equator. That’s because the majority of Earth’s and is located north of the tropics. In this region, the sun shines at about the same time all year long, keeping the climate warm and stable. The major areas of tropical rainforests are South and Central America, South East Asia and West Africa.
The global distribution of rainforest is broken into four geographical realms based on four continental regions- the Neotropical, The Oriental or Asian, the Ethiopian or Afrotropical and the Australasian or Australian. Over half lies in the Neotropical realm, a quarter in Africa and a fifth in Asia. The remaining 5% are scattered in New Guinea, Australia, and Pacific Islands.
The Amazon rainforest in South America is the largest, unbroken stretch of rainforest in the world. Over half of this forest lies in Brazil. 20% of the remaining rainforest exists between the Congo Basin and Indonesia. The balance of the rainforests is scattered around the tropical regions of the world.Layers Of Rainforests:
There are four layers of rainforest and here is the rainforest layers facts for kids:1. Emergent Layer:
Emergent is the top layer of the rainforest. Only the tallest trees can reach to this layer. Butterflies, birds, snakes and small monkeys live in this layer.2. Canopy Layer:
As mentioned earlier, the canopy is the thick foliage of the. Most of the trees grow to this height. Even some plants reach up to the canopy layer, but their roots do not reach the ground. These plants are called air plants. Sloths, monkeys, lizards, snakes and insects live in the canopy layer.3. Understory Layer:
The understory is the layer where dense vegetation and vines grow. There isn’t much light in this layer. Frogs, snakes, birds, and butterflies live here.4. Forest Floor:
The rainforest floor is a humid and dark area comprising of dead plants, leaves. The layer is dark because the trees stop the sunlight from entering the forest. Despite being in the constant darkness, the rainforest floor plays a crucial role in the forest ecosystem. Even decomposition takes place on the forest floor. Decomposition is the process by which organic compounds and microorganisms are broken down. The forest floor is also home to wild animals like Asian elephants, jaguars, giraffes, tigers, and tapirs.What Do We Get From Rainforests?
We get plenty of things from the rainforest, which include:
Every year, a part of the rainforest as large as New Jersey is being destroyed. The animals residing in this area either die or migrate to a new forest. But don’t you wonder why the rainforests are being destroyed? What are the main causes? Human beings are the chief reason for rainforest destruction. People are chopping trees for:Rainforest Facts For Kids:
Do you want to know a bit more about the residence of the three-toed sloth and scarlet macaw? Then here are some more fun rainforest facts for children.
One way you can help rainforests is by educating people more and more about plants, animals, and the issues surrounding the deforestation of the rainforests. And most importantly, practice conservation at home.
We hope you find our article helpful. Do you have any fun and interesting rainforest facts for kids to add to the list? Then leave it in the comment section below!Recommended Articles:
Welcome to Active Wild’s Rainforest Facts For Kids page – the ultimate guide to rainforests and the animals, plants and people that call them home. Find out all about rainforests and why they’re so special.
You’ll also find out why they need our help …Other Rainforest Articles at Active Wild
Tropical lowland rainforest.
If you picture a rainforest in your head you’ll probably see huge green trees whose leaves are dripping with moisture. In their branches will be exotic birds such as toucans and macaws, and troops of monkeys will be filling the air with their cries. Beautiful but deadly predators will be on the prowl: perhaps a stealthy jaguar creeping through the undergrowth or a magnificent harpy eagle gliding silently between the branches.
The scene above describes a lowland tropical rainforest. These forests are bursting with life in all colours, shapes and sizes. There are other kinds of rainforest; we’ll find out about them further down the page. All provide an ideal environment for a vast number of species to live in.Fact: Rainforests cover around 6% of the Earth
A toucan – one of the 1.5 million species of animals and plants that live in the rainforest.
Even though rainforests only cover around 6 to 7 percent of the world’s landmass, they are home to around half of its land-based animal and plant species.
Many people also live in and around rainforests, and rely on them for food and shelter.
Despite this, rainforests are under threat, and many rainforest species are becoming endangered. The biggest threat to rainforests is deforestation for timber.
In this article we’ll begin by finding out exactly what a rainforest actually is. Then we’ll find out about the different types of rainforest, where rainforests are found, the animal and plants that live in the rainforest, and the problems that rainforests are facing.Rainforest Facts For Kids: All About Rainforests What Is A Rainforest?
‘Rainforest’ is a term coined by German biologist Andreas Schimper in 1898, after he had studied forests in South America and Asia.Fact: To be a rainforest, an area needs to have a high yearly rainfall: typically over 200 cm (79 inches) per year.
Rainforests are very wet places, with high annual rainfalls.
As the name suggests, rainforests are forests that grow in places in which there is a lot of rainfall.
How much rain? Well, between 200 and 450 centimetres (79 and 177 in) of rain falls annually in a rainforest.
If you can imagine two tall men, with one standing on the other’s shoulders, then that’s still not quite as high as the amount of rain that could fall in a rainforest in one year.
The moist and hot environment provides an ideal growing environment for trees and plants, which in turn provide food and shelter for a multitude of animal species.Types Of Rainforest Fact: There are two main types of rainforest: tropical rainforests and temperate rainforests.
Lowland tropical rainforest in Costa Rica.
There are two main types of rainforest: tropical rainforests and temperate rainforests.
Tropical rainforests are hot, as well as wet, and are found near the equator all around the world.
Temperate rainforests are found in cooler parts of the world, but where there is still high rainfall.
We’ll find out where in the world these two types of forest are found lower down the page.
There are several different types of tropical rainforest. Often, they merge into each other without definite boundaries.Fact: Types of tropical rainforest include: lowland rainforests, flooded rainforests, swamp rainforests, cloud forests and montane forests.
Lowland rainforests are the ‘typical’ dense and humid rainforests that people imagine when they think about rainforests. They occur in non-mountainous regions.
Flooded . or swamp forests are found where there is poor drainage and / or seasonal flooding. Here, much of the land is submerged for at least part of the year.
Cloud forests and montane forests are found at high altitudes and are often shrouded in mist. They are cooler than tropical rainforests, and home to a different range of creatures and plants.Rainforest Layers Fact: The rainforest environment is divided into 4 layers: emergent, canopy, understorey and forest floor.
Rainforests have a number of different layers. Each layer provides a different habitat for a range of species.Emergent Layer
The emergent layer is the highest rainforest layer. It is where the tops of the tallest trees break out from the surrounding vegetation. Eagles and other birds survey the forest from the highest perches, and blue morpho butterflies flutter over the trees.The Canopy
This is one way of seeing the rainforest canopy!
The next highest layer is the canopy. It is the treetop layer, being formed by the branches and leaves of most of the trees that grow in the rainforest. It is around 30 meters (100 feet) high.
The canopy layer receives the most light of all the rainforest layers (up to 99% of the sunlight), and prevents light from reaching the lower layers.Fact: Most of the species in a rainforest live in the canopy layer.
The canopy layer is home to most of the animals that live in the rainforest. It provides shelter and food for an incredible number of species.
Here you’ll find animals as varied as red eyed tree frogs, howler monkeys and toucans.
Plants in the canopy layer tend to have broad, waxy leaves with pointed tips. This encourages rainwater to run straight off, preventing harmful algae and fungi from growing on them.The Understory
The understory is made up of bushes and shorter trees. It is a dark, hot place. The plants here tend to have large leaves to capture what little sunlight gets through.
Jaguars may laze around in its branches, and boa constrictors lay in wait here, ready to pounce on unsuspecting prey below.The Forest Floor Fact: The biggest rainforest animals live on the forest floor.
The forest floor is home to the rainforest’s biggest animals, including jaguars and tapirs.
Covered by a layer of dead leaves, the forest floor is home to the rainforest’s biggest animals and also to many insects.
Here tapirs wander between the trees, using their snouts to rummage through the soil. Lines of leafcutter ants form between their huge nests and the trees whose leaves they harvest.Rivers And Streams
Green Anacondas live in rainforest rivers and streams
Rivers and streams often run through rainforests, draining excess water away and providing yet another habitat for many kinds of animal. Many animals come to the waterside to drink, and green anacondas slip through the water using their natural camouflage and excellent swimming skills to capture their prey.Where Are Rainforests Found?
Rainforests are found in many places in the world. This is Mollem National Park in India.Fact: Tropical rainforests are found near the equator.
World map showing the Equator (the green line) and the Tropics of Cancer (top yellow line) and Capricorn (bottom yellow line).
Tropical rainforests are found near the equator. which is an imaginary line that circles the middle of the globe.
Most of these rainforests are located between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, which are two other imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator above and below it. The area is known as ‘The Tropics’ – hence tropical rainforest.
Near the equator there is very little variation in temperature and day length throughout the year. It is hot all year round. However, many places in the tropics have rainy seasons, during which there is even more rainfall than at other times of the year.
There are tropical rainforests near the equator in North America (Mexico), Central America, South America, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Australia.The Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest rainforest in the world.Fact: The Amazon Rainforest is the biggest and most famous rainforest.
The biggest and most famous tropical rainforest is the Amazon Rainforest in South America. It is almost twice the size of India. Most of the Amazon Rainforest is in Brazil, but it also covers parts of Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
You can find out more about the Amazon Rainforest here .Temperate Rainforests
Temperate rain forests are found away from the tropics.
Temperate rainforests are found further away from the equator, in cooler climates. They are usually located in coastal regions.
The largest temperate rainforest is the Pacific temperate rainforest ecoregion. located along the western coast of northern America from Kodiak Island in Alaska to northern California.
There are also temperate rainforests in South America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand.Animals That Live In The Rainforest
The jaguar is an apex predator in Central and South American rain forests. It is a master at stalking and ambush hunting.
The rainforest is an extremely important environment, being home to a vast number of animal and plant species. Mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and invertebrates are all present in great numbers.Fact: More than 1.5 million species have been discovered living in the rainforest. Fact: There may be millions more species in the rainforest that are still to be discovered!
More than 1.5 million species (and counting) have been discovered in the rainforest. It is likely that there are many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms in the rainforest that are still to be discovered.
Let’s take a look at a few of the animal species we do know about.
In South and Central American rainforests. howler and spider monkeys roam the branches, feeding on the abundant fruit growing in the canopy. Harpy eagles hunt in the trees, taking prey as large as sloths and monkeys. Toucans hop from branch to branch, and brightly coloured macaws catch the eye.
On the forest floor, anteaters mop up ants and termites, and predatory mammals such as ocelots and jaguars roam through the trees.
The northern tamandua – an arboreal (tree-living) anteater.
Larger mammals such as deer and tapirs are also present, as are reptiles, including boa constrictors and anacondas.
A similarly large range of animals live in other regions. In the rainforests of India. tigers are apex predators. Large animals such as sambar (a type of deer) and sloth bears live on the forest floor, while birds, including parakeets and the impressive great hornbill share the trees with Macaques, gibbons and lorises.
In African rainforests. you might see gorillas, elephants and okapi.
Gorillas live in African rain forests.
The rainforests on the islands of Borneo, Sumatra and New Guinea are home to several notable endangered species, such as orangutans, proboscis monkeys, clouded leopards and elephant, rhino and tiger subspecies.Rainforest Tribes Fact: native tribes still live in the rainforest.
Native tribes live in rainforests in Brazil, New Guinea and Central Africa. These tribes live deep in the forests, away from modern life. However, their way of life is under threat from outsiders who are gradually encroaching on their traditional home.
Rainforest tribes live away from modern life
Very few native peoples are completely unaffected by modern life. Many now wear modern clothes and use metal items constructed outside of the forest. However, there are still some tribes whose lives are completely unaffected by the modern world.
It’s very difficult to know exactly how many indigenous people live in rainforests around the world. It is thought that there are around one million indigenous people living in the Amazon rainforest.Why We Need Rainforests
Rainforests are places of great beauty.
Rainforests provide a habitat for a huge number of species, including some of the world’s most endangered animals.
Rainforests provide us with ingredients for many medicines.
Provided they are harvested responsibly, rainforests can provide food, timber and other products useful to man.
Rainforests help to regulate the world’s climate and rainfall. They also store large amounts of carbon. If the rainforests are destroyed and left to rot, the carbon can be released as carbon dioxide – a harmful greenhouse gas.
Here’s a quick question. When you think about being in the rainforest, wandering around under the green canopy and seeing toucans and macaws flying around over your head, do you feel happy and contented, or sad and angry?
Thought so! Just thinking about rainforests improves your mood!
Rainforests are beautiful places, and our quality of life is improved by their presence. Even if we never actually get to walk in a rainforest, we can see pictures of them, and learn about the animals and plants that live in them. Because this benefit cannot be measured, it is often overlooked, but it is another important reason that rainforests – and all wild places – are important.Deforestation
Deforestation: the biggest threat to the rainforest.Fact: Rainforests used to cover 14% of the land on the Earth. Today they cover around 6%
Sadly, rainforests are under threat all over the world. More than half of the world’s rainforests have been destroyed since 1945.
Every second, an area of rainforest the size of a football (soccer) pitch is cut down.
Most of the trees are cut down for timber. This is used in building, and also for power production and for paper.
Rainforests are also destroyed to make way for farms. The trees are cut down to make fields, in which crops such as sugar cane and oil palm trees are grown, and livestock kept. Predatory rainforest animals are sometimes hunted by farmers wishing to protect their livestock.
You can read more about deforestation here: Deforestation Facts .Rainforest Facts For Kids Conclusion
Orangutans are one of many endangered species that live in rain forests.
In this article we have found out all about rainforests. We have found out what they are, where they are located, the animals and people that live in them and why we need to protect them. We’ve also learned about the threat of deforestation.Spread The Word!
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