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Comparing McCarthyism and Miller s The Crucible - GCSE English - Marked by

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Comparing McCarthyism and Miller's The Crucible Authors used their literary work to get a point across to the public in the story The Crucible; Arthur Miller used events and characters to show the similarities to McCarthyism which was prevalent in the 1950s. McCarthyism was associated with the period in the United Sates also known as the Second Red Scare. McCarthyism is very similar in the way that Joe McCarthy accused Americans of being communist and in The Crucible people were being accused of being witches. . read more.

People lost their jobs and careers went bad and even imprisonment occurred. McCarthy held hearings called the Hollywood Blacklist, which had to do with The House Committee on Un-American Activities and anti- communist activities with the FBI. McCarthyism had great effects on different levels of society, involving conflict and many arguments. This relates to The Crucible in the sense that the way people were acting changed dramatically, different and weird because they knew or thought that witches were around. It destroyed people's relationships, caused chaos in church and separation between people. . read more.

In The Crucible some were hung and many were being imprisoned nonstop and everyone was being called a witch, even with no proof. They searched for perverts and ended up in thousands being harassed and denied employment. In The Crucible John Proctor and Abigail had a quiet affair and Abigail wanted John to herself and Elizabeth dead? During court Abigail acted like what John Proctor was saying about how she felt about Elizabeth wasn't true. The word McCarthyism has different meanings and is used in different ways. McCarthyism means aggressively questioning a person's patriotism and making poor accusations. . read more.

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McCarthyism In The Crucible Essay

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McCarthyism in The Crucible
McCarthyism in The Crucible In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. There is more to the play.

In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. There is more to the play than the witch trials, though. The Crucible was composed during a time when a similar hysteria was sweeping through America. A virtually unkown senator by the name of Joseph McCarthy was propelled into infamy when while at a speaking engagement at thee Republican Women�s Club of Wheeling, West Virginia he charged 205 persons in the

McCarthyism In The Crucible
In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. There is more to the play than the witch trials, though.

U.S. State Department of being members of the Communist Party (Martine 8). Fear caused the American people to succumb to the preposterous charges brought forth by McCarthy displaying resemblance�s to that of the Salem community in 1692 (Carey 51). In Arthur Miller�s play The Crucible, there is evidence of parallels between the Salem of 1692 and America of the 1950's, the American Government of the 1950's and its misuse of power, and the high court depicted in the play, using

The Witch Hearings
The Witch Hearings There are strong parallels between Arthur Miller’s The Crucible and the history it depicts and the reign of terror that the 1950’s era of McCarthyism repeated. These.

its power to impose a misguided justice. The Crucible takes place in Salem, Massachusetts in the spring of 1692 in a village shrouded with chaos. The people of Salem were in uncertain times. Just a year earlier a witch in the nearby town of Beverly was executed and now the witch hysteria had spread to their village. Confused, the people didn�t know who to blame whether it be the girls, the negro slave, or even the Devil himself. The insanity

The Crucible: A Tale of Two Trials
A political cartoon shows a massive stone wall surrounding tall office buildings which bear labels of "Department of Energy," "Defense Department," "National Security Agency," "CIA," and "FBI." Outside the.

that came about was an indication of the fear of "individual freedom" ;(Miller 6). In The Crucible, hysteria and hidden agendas break down the social structure and then everyone must protect themselves from the people that they thought were their friends. The church, the legal system, and the togetherness of the community died so that the girls and their families social status might be protected. The fact that Salem was a Puritan community did not help matters either. Puritans were

Crucible Tale Of Trials
A political cartoon shows a massive stone wall surrounding tall office buildings which bear labels of "Department of Energy," ;"Defense Department," ;"National Security Agency," ;"CIA," ;and "FBI." ;Outside the wall.

a strict religous group that tolerated no devious behavior. Being isolated from any other group of people with different beliefs created a church led Puritan society that was not able to accept a lot of change. Anyone who was not in good standing with the church was not even allowed in the community (Carey 42). They believed God elected those who were to go to Heaven by the same token though they believed the Devil could choose his disciples also

The Crucible/Salem Witch Trials vs. The McCarthy Hearings
In the play, The Crucible, many parallels can be found in reference to the 1950 Communist trials led by Joe McCarthy. In this work by Arthur Miller, the events.

(Carey 43). Puritans deemed anything pleasurable was motivated by and came directly from the Devil. When The Crucible was written, the American society was threatened by communism much like Salem was threatened by witchcraft (Bly 32). On September 23, 1949, President Truman reported that the Soviet Union had developed an atomic bomb striking fear into the American nation (Martine 8). Miller even acknowledged this fear when he said, " ;America had just finished fighting World War II with the help

The Crucible
ARTHUR MILLER, SALEM AND COMMUNISM In this paper I am going to talk about the relations between the Salem witch trials and the Cold War. Covering this with evidence and.

of the Soviet Union against the Germans and now they felt threatened by them, knowing not wether they were still allies or if another war was inevitable. The war made people wary of communism. What Hitler had done was ugly. Americans feared this ugliness. "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live" ;(Exodus 22:18). The puritans of Salem definitely believed in witches and gaurded against them just as the Bible told them so, executing them. Once a person was accused

The Crucible And Mccarthyism
Many times it has been said that if people learn form their mistakes they are doomed to repeat them. Such is the case throughout history. There are many.

as a witch the only way to live was to turn back to God by repenting and revealing names of other witches so that they might repent or be vanquished (Bly 88). Judge Danforth was devoted to the prosecution of witches. When he arrives in the town of Salem, Danforth sets in motion acts that "bring about an evil destructive state of chaos" ;(Carey 15). He believed he inherited his authority directly from God, and therefore carried on the witchhunt

salem witch trials
Historical Overview and Brief Analysis Amidst millenniums of debate, argument, and conflict concerning racial prejudges and those issues which surround their implementation, there has consistently.

mercilessly (Bly 33). He did not give up easily ;once he decided someone was a witch he would not rest until a confession was made as is evident in the following quote: "Will you confesss yourself befouled with Hell, or do you keep that black allegiance yet?" ;(Miller 111). Danforth may have had too much power also ;being the Deputy Governor of Massachusetts, Danforth had the power to try, convict, and execute anyone he decide was a witch" ;(Bly 27).

Salem Witch Trials
Historical Overview and Brief Analysis Amidst millenniums of debate, argument, and conflict concerning racial prejudges and those issues which surround their implementation, there has consistently.

When writting The Crucible, Arthur Miller chose to speak through John Proctor on of the Salem witch trials victims. Miller uses Proctor as his character that defies the authority of the judges and their corrupt power (Carey 14). Miller also uses Proctor as his hero which critic James J. Martine recognized and captured when he said, "John Proctor is "heroic" ;not merely because he points the finger at himself, but because his story allow him to point out the evil

Salem Witch Trials
Historical Overview and Brief Analysis Amidst millenniums of debate, argument, and conflict concerning racial prejudges and those issues which surround their implementation, there has consistently existed a certain historical prejudice.

in his environment, the enemy of man�s freedom, here the repressive structures of society that would take a man�s name" ;(79). At the first of the drama Proctor is not conccerned with the witch madness or anything to do with the community. One can see Proctor�s lack of interest in the community when Thomas putnam states: "I never heard you worried so on this society, Mr. Proctor. I do not think I saw you at Sabbath meeting since snow flew"

Mccarthyism: The Real With Trials
McCarthyism: The Real "Witch Hunts" Some people nowadays may consider the government, or some of its agencies, corrupt. Today's scenario is nothing compared to that of McCarthyism in the 1950s.

;(Miller 27). Proctor changes though ;when Proctor is accused of being a witch himself he getst interested. America, entering into the cold war, felt that the

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Mccarthyism In The Crucible Essay Research Paper

Mccarthyism In The Crucible Essay Research Paper

Mccarthyism In The Crucible Essay, Research Paper

McCarthyism in The Crucible

In The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, the madness of the Salem witch trials is explored in great detail. There is more to the play than the witch trials, though. The Crucible was composed during a time when a similar hysteria was sweeping through America. A virtually unkown senator by the name of Joseph McCarthy was propelled into infamy when while at a speaking engagement at thee Republican Women?s Club of Wheeling, West Virginia he charged 205 persons in the U.S. State Department of being members of the Communist Party (Martine 8). Fear caused the American people to succumb to the preposterous charges brought forth by McCarthy displaying resemblance?s to that of the Salem community in 1692 (Carey 51). In Arthur Miller?s play The Crucible, there is evidence of parallels between the Salem of 1692 and America of the 1950’s, the American Government of the 1950’s and its misuse of power, and the high court depicted in the play, using its power to impose a misguided justice.

The Crucible takes place in Salem, Massachusetts in the spring of 1692 in a village shrouded with chaos. The people of Salem were in uncertain times. Just a year earlier a witch in the nearby town of Beverly was executed and now the witch hysteria had spread to their village. Confused, the people didn?t know who to blame whether it be the girls, the negro slave, or even the Devil himself. The insanity that came about was an indication of the fear of “individual freedom” (Miller 6). In The Crucible, hysteria and hidden agendas break down the social structure and then everyone must protect themselves from the people that they thought were their friends. The church, the legal system, and the togetherness of the community died so that the girls and their families social status might be protected.

The fact that Salem was a Puritan community did not help matters either. Puritans were a strict religous group that tolerated no devious behavior. Being isolated from any other group of people with different beliefs created a church led Puritan society that was not able to accept a lot of change. Anyone who was not in good standing with the church was not even allowed in the community (Carey 42). They believed God elected those who were to go to Heaven by the same token though they believed the Devil could choose his disciples also (Carey 43). Puritans deemed anything pleasurable was motivated by and came directly from the Devil.

When The Crucible was written, the American society was threatened by communism much like Salem was threatened by witchcraft (Bly 32). On September 23, 1949, President Truman reported that the Soviet Union had developed an atomic bomb striking fear into the American nation (Martine 8). Miller even acknowledged this fear when he said, ”

America had just finished fighting World War II with the help of the Soviet Union against the Germans and now they felt threatened by them, knowing not wether they were still allies or if another war was inevitable. The war made people wary of communism. What Hitler had done was ugly. Americans feared this ugliness.

“Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live” (Exodus 22:18). The puritans of Salem definitely believed in witches and gaurded against them just as the Bible told them so, executing them. Once a person was accused as a witch the only way to live was to turn back to God by repenting and revealing names of other witches so that they might repent or be vanquished (Bly 88).

Judge Danforth was devoted to the prosecution of witches. When he arrives in the town of Salem, Danforth sets in motion acts that “bring about an evil destructive state of chaos” (Carey 15). He believed he inherited his authority directly from God, and therefore carried on the witchhunt mercilessly (Bly 33). He did not give up easily; once he decided someone was a witch he would not rest until a confession was made as is evident in the following quote: “Will you confesss yourself befouled with Hell, or do you keep that black allegiance yet?” (Miller 111). Danforth may have had too much power also; being the Deputy Governor of Massachusetts, Danforth had the power to try, convict, and execute anyone he decide was a witch” (Bly 27).

When writting The Crucible, Arthur Miller chose to speak through John Proctor on of the Salem witch trials victims. Miller uses Proctor as his character that defies the authority of the judges and their corrupt power (Carey 14). Miller also uses Proctor as his hero which critic James J. Martine recognized and captured when he said, “John Proctor is “heroic” not merely because he points the finger at himself, but because his story allow him to point out the evil in his environment, the enemy of man?s freedom, here the repressive structures of society that would take a man?s name” (79). At the first of the drama Proctor is not conccerned with the witch madness or anything to do with the community. One can see Proctor?s lack of interest in the community when Thomas putnam states: “I never heard you worried so on this society, Mr. Proctor. I do not think I saw you at Sabbath meeting since snow flew” (Miller 27). Proctor changes though; when Proctor is accused of being a witch himself he getst interested.

America, entering into the cold war, felt that the threat of Communism was real and with World War II just ended and the fear of another possible war, Americans of the fifties did not want people whose “political ideology” was so rash, violent, and disagreeable with their way of living (Carey 51). Martine called them for what the were, and that was simply “witches” (9).

Senator Joseph McCarthy was devoted to the prosecution of communists. McCarthy was ruthless in his investigations; anyone who opposed his hearings or even criticized them was quickly defending himself on the charges that he was a communist (Carey 51). McCarthy also had power; in September 1950, McCarthy was able to pass the McCarran International Security Act required that “all members of the Communist party register with the Justice Department and all communist-front organizations reveal their membership (Martine 9).

Arthur Miller himself was also put on trial by the House Committee so that he might testify on Un-American activities. Miller refused to name any names and was found in contempt of Congress. Miller imitates Proctor in this way of refusing to give in even though there would be consequences.

In Salem, Massachusetts in 1692, a dozen teenage girls and a black slave woman were caught dancing in the forest and were accused of being witches after two of them become sick. There was one girl in particular who was very cunning; her name was Abigail. Abigail is a devious girl which critic William Bly explains in his quote: “Abigail lies without shame, threatens without fear, and thinks nothing of sticking a needle two inches into her belly in order to bring about the murder of Elizabeth Proctor” (20). She, and she alone, led the town of Salem in murdering 19 people, all accused of witchcraft. Once the girls are found out, they start accusing people of being witches and Abigail starts with Elizabeth Proctor, John Proctor?s wife. Not long after even one of the most respectable women in Salem, Rebecca Nurse, was accused of being a witch. When court was called into session more accusations came; one of the girls, Mary Warren, out of fear of being hanged, confesses that John Procor is “the Devil?s man!” (Miller 110).

At the beginning of the drama, Reverend Parris stumbles upon the girls dancing naked and later he finds out they were not only dancing but also drinking charms and conjuring the dead. After this the girls start “confessing” and most people that were charged were charged purely on the testimony of the girls? seeing them with the devil. Leonard moss realized this fact and speaks about it in the following quote: “The authority of the prosecutors has suddenly come to depend upon confession by those victims recently condemned, so that continued defiance by a highly regarded citizen like John Proctor will cure the town?s fever” (Moss 43).

A total of 19 persons were hanged, 1 person was pressed to death, and two dogs were hanged for witchcraft during the Salem Witchcraft Trials (Carey 49). Judge Danforth sentecnced most including Rebecca Nurse and John Proctor for witchcraft and other immorality.

When Joseph McCarthy announced the contents of his blacklist in 1950 people started accusing others of being communist just like in Salem 1692. This did not stop McCarthy though. In 1953, McCarthy led 157 more investigations especially into the Voice of America and even the Army Signal Corps in New Jersey. These further investigations go on to parallel that of the judges of the Salem trials and their efforts to find anyone guilty that they possibly could. People such as former U.S. Department of State official, Alger Hiss was accused of being a communist spy. The accusations by McCarthy were so powerful that President Truman himself decided to put in loyalty boards to keep communist out of America (Miller 1).

McCarthy did not have enough evidence to convince an investigating committee, led by Senator Millard E. Tydings. His evidence merely depended on others naming people that were communists just as the evidence of the Salem trials was merely the girls naming names. The accusations and investigations spread quickly and affected thousands of people. Librarians, college professors, entertainers, journalists, clergy, and others came under suspicion. McCarthy did not have any evidence though and he eventually lost his support from the people. A few people spent time in jail and thousands were denied jobs, memberships, and other normalities because they had been accused of being communist.

It is not difficult to see why a catastrophe such as the Salem witch trials occured. Once one accusation was made, it was easy to release all the buried suspicions and hatred into a wave of madness. The judges of Salem were fooled and many people paid with their life. In the fifties a catastrophe much the same occured just without the same end results. People in Salem who tried to undermine the court were accused as witches themselves just as anyone in America in 1950 who opposed McCarthy?s trials were accused of being communist (Carey 52). America fell prey to the McCarthy hysteria at first but then realized there was no evidence and put down the idiocy. The Salem witch trials and the McCarthy Investigations were so closely related that one can only wonder when or if it will happen again. In both cases, a party ended up with too much power than they should have as Danforth and McCarthy do. Who is the next to be accused?

1. Bly, William. Baron?s Book Notes: Arthur Miller?s The Crucible. New York: Baron?s Educational Series, 1984.

2. Carey, Garey. Cliffs Notes on Miller?s The Crucible. Lincoln, Nebraska: C. K. Hillegass, 1968.

3. Martine, James J. The Crucible: Politics, Property, and Pretense. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1993

4. Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Pengquin Books, 1995.

5. Miller, Arthur. “Why I Wrote The Crucible: An Artist?s Answer to Politics.” On-line. Internet. Available World Wide Web: http://www.english.upenn.edu/

6. Moss, Leonard. Arthur Miller. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1980.

ESSAYS COMPARING THE CRUCIBLE AND MCCARTHYISM

ESSAYS COMPARING THE CRUCIBLE AND MCCARTHYISM Comments on Essays Comparing The Crucible And Mccarthyism


Genesis. 11 Feb 2013
The beauty of your essay is in the wide usage of linking words and phrases to make your essay more interesting to the reader and easier to understand. Avoid repetition of the same words and phrases, look for the synonyms and synonymous expressions. You can also use a variety of adjectives, adverbs and verbs to make your essay more attractive to the reader.


Kennedy. 12 Apr 2012
Personal essays, also known as personal narratives, allow the writer to express himself in a rather bold manner. Such essays help gauge the writer's ability to write on a given topic in an engaging manner. As the name suggests, a personal essay is more or less a personal perspective. While writing a personal essay, ensure that the rhythm and pace of the essay is smooth. There should be more opinions than facts. Try to avoid using philosophical rants to impress the reader. Capturing the reader's attention is important to writing a successful personal essay. You should try using metaphors, quotations, and questions to connect with the reader. You should try to follow evocative writing while completing such an essay. While an essay gives you the freedom to thank and express your feelings, it also tests your ability to substantiate your opinion or feeling on the subject you had chosen. In general, a personal essay should start with an introductory paragraph, followed by three paragraphs illustrating your point, and one final paragraph summarizing your opinion.


Abigail. 11 Jan 2015
The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis.


Sydney. 5 Apr 2008
The process of editing your own work becomes difficult sometimes. Read it out loud so that the small fallacies of punctuation and spelling errors come to your notice. Using a word processing tool on a computer also helps in polishing the custom essay. The bibliography if any comes at the end of an essay. You can also make note of any references used.


Kaylee. 14 Jul 2012
Look at what you have read for each of the main points of your essay and work out how you can talk about it in your own words, or in a more informative way. Look at your essay research notes and decide for yourself if the writers have made claims which, in your opinion, lack substance. If necessary, compare different claims and write down which of them is more valid, in your opinion, and explain why to your reader. Remember that each paragraph needs to lead into the next. This 'smooths out' the structure and helps the essay to 'flow' better.