Nāga Panchamī (Sanskrit. नाग पंचमी ) is a Hindu festival celebrated by Hindus in most parts of India. It is celebrated on Panchami in Shravan month. On this day, people worship Nāga Devata (Cobras). People go to temples and snake pits and worship the snakes. They offer milk and silver jewelry to the Cobras to protect them from all evils. They also fast. This festival is to celebrate the day Lord Krishna defeated the serpent Kalia. On this day swings are put up in the village and people enjoy themselves. The married girls visit their parents during this occasion.
Cobra on the Nag Panchami day
The festival of Nāga Panchami is celebrated by Hindus to pay respect to Nāgas. The five Nāgas worshipped on Nag Panchami are Ananta. Vāsuki. Taxak. Karkotaka and Pingala. According to a Puranic myth Brahma ’s son Kashyapa had four wives. Kashyapa’s first wife gave birth to Devas. second to Garudas. third to Nāgas and fourth to Daityas. (Dainik Jagran, 25 July 2006). The third wife of Kashpa was called Kadroo, who gave birth to Nāgas. So Nāgas are also known as Kadroojā. They were the rulers of Pātāl-Loka. There is a Sanskrit shloka to remember important nine Nāgas as under: (Dainik Bhaskar 30 July 2006)
शंखपालं धार्तराष्ट्रं तक्षकं कालियं तथा ।। Shankhapālam Dhārtarāshtram Taxakam Kāliyam tathā
एतानि नवनामानि च महात्मनाम् । Etāni navanāmāni cha mahātmanām
Naga Panchami is also celebrated in Nepal and the story is a little different than in India. Naga Panchami is a festival that is held in Nepal and literally translated means the “Festival of Snakes”. It is a festival that originates from deep within the Nepali culture and its rich traditions, rituals and myths that have survived for thousands of years and which have played a significant role in the lives of the ancient people of Nepal.
Ancient Nepalese civilizations worshiped the Nagas, or Serpent Kings, and believed that their relationship with the gods and nature would secure their survival. The myths and legends surrounding the Nagas have a few versions of the story that led to a creation of the festival. In one story version, it is said that the Kathmandu Valley used to be a vast lake. As the story goes, when humans started to drain the lake to make space for villages and settlements the Nagas became enraged. To protect themselves against the wrath of the Serpent Kings, the humans gave the Nagas certain areas as pilgrimage destinations and that through these actions harmony was restored to nature.
Another popular tale is one of a Tantric King that used the powers he possessed to force the Nagas to return the rain to the land which they had taken away. The Nagas did give in to the King’s amazing powers, but he also recognized their powers. To honor the power of the Nagas, the King created the Naga Panchami festival to honor the Gods. As the serpents were believed to be capable of controlling the rains, it is important to the people of Nepal to show their respect during the festival to insure that they do not offend the Gods.
The festival usually takes place in the month of August and as part of the celebration, residents post pictures of serpents above the doors to their home to ward off the evil spirits. Prayers are said during the festival while people wearing demon masks, dance in the streets entertaining festival participants. It is also believed that offerings should be given to the Serpent Kings during the festival and residents leave food items such as milk and honey in their gardens for the Nagas, or snakes. The offerings and prayers are then honored by the Serpent Kings by ensuring rain and protection for the people of Nepal.
Naga Panchami is an ancient tradition and festival, that is a truly amazing ritual to experience and the perfect time to hear the various stories, myths and legends that have been passed down to Nepal’s present generation. |>External links
Anantha (literally meaning infinite), vasuki, padmanabh, kambala, shankhapaal, dhartaraashtra, takshak and kaaliya - these nine are the great ones.References
Nagapanchami is a sacred Indian festival dedicated to the snake-God. The festival gets its name from the fact that it is celebrated on the fifth day (panchami) of the moonlit fortnight of the Hindu month of Shravan (July /August). According to the Gregorian calender, the festival is observed sometime in August.
The exact origins of the Nagapanchami festival is uncertain. It is not known when the worship of snakes and the snake-god precisely began. The mere sight of the slithering reptile gives many of us a creepy feeling and hence, the worship of snakes in India appears strange to many people, especially those not familiar with Hindu customs. But then, snakes have been associated with many Hindu Gods. Sheshnaga (Snake with Six hoods) is the vehicle of Vishnu. The world according to Hindu mythology and cosmogony, rests on the head of Sheshnaga, and when he shakes his head we have earthquakes.
The custom of snake-worship is believed to have come from the "Naga" clan, a highly developed tribe who lived in ancient India. The Indus Valley civilisation of 3000 B.C. gives ample proof of the popularity of snake-worship amongst the Nagas, whose culture was fairly wide-spread in India even before the Aryans came. Later, the Indo-Aryans began to worship many of the snake deities of the Nagas and some of them even found mention in the Hindu Puranas.
Many scholars have detected traces of existence of snake-worship contained in the 8th Ashtaka of the Rig Veda, wherein the earth is addressed as the Sarpa-rajni or "the queen of the serpents or the queen of all that moves". The Yajur-Veda provides a more definite account of serpent-worship; the Samhita of this Veda contains prayers to the Sarpas(snakes) who are addressed as denizens of the heavens, the skies, the rays of the sun, the waters, the vegetables and the like. In the Brahmanas of the Samhita part of the Yajur-Veda, invocations are addressed to serpents and sweet sacrifices are offered for their acceptance. Manu, the ancient law-giver of the Hindus also makes mention of the Nagas and the Sarpas. Carved or painted figures of snakes can be found on the walls of many Hindu temples that exist from the medieval era. Images of snake worship rituals can also be spotted in the world famous Ajanta caves. Detailed description of the cobra snakes can also be discerned in Arthasastra, the classic ancient Hindu political text by the great Hindu philosopher Chanakya (c.300 bc).
In medieval India figures of snakes were carved or painted on the walls of many Hindu temples. In the carves at Ajanta images of the rituals of snake worship are found. Kautilya, in his "Arthashastra" has given.
The mention of the Nagas and the Sarpas is also found in the Mahabharata. In the sacred Hindu text BhagavadGita, one witnesses how Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that Vasuki and Ananta represent him amongst the Sarpas and the Nagas respectively.
The Hindu Puranas(Sanskrit encyclopedic texts) also mention the Nagas and the Sarpas. In the Bhagavata Purana, Vasuki and eleven other Nagas are mentioned as forming the string of the sun's chariot, one serpent being held to be sacred to each month. The Markandeya Purana embodies the well-known story of the marriage of Madalasa, a Naga princess of superb beauty, with King Kulvalasva.
In the apologue of the gold-giving serpent, the fifth fable of the Panchatantra(famous Indian collection of fables and other morally instructive tales), authentic evidence is found of the prevalence of serpent-worship in the post-Vedic ages of Ancient India. As it has been established that the Panchatantra was composed sometime between the first and sixth centuries, it is believed that the tradition of snake-worship existed in India prior to the sixth century A.D. The celebrated French traveller Jean Baptiste Tavernier, in the course of his visit to India in the seventeenth century, saw the serpent worshipped in the form of an idol. Though Tavernier has neither mentioned the name of the festival nor given any further details, the description corresponds with the Nagapanchami festival as it is observed throughout India at the present day.
To understand the history of the festival, the time of its observance should also be kept in mind. Nagapanchami is observed in the month of Shravana (July/August), the advent of the rainy season in many parts of India. It is the time when snakes leave their holes in the flooded fields and jungles and enter the habitations of men - thereby throwing them into great consternation. It is during this period that the greatest number of deaths from snake-bite occur in places like Lower Bengal. The people of the country-side labour under the impression that the only way of obtaining immunity from snakebite is by propitiating the snake-goddess Manasa. It is also the beginning of the harvest season, when crops attain their full growth and the harvest is ready to be reaped. In countries like India the reaping of the harvest is (still largely) a manual operation and farmers have to work in the fields all by themselves, thus exposing themselves to the bites of poisonous snakes lurking unseen among the dense crop. This fear seems to be the main cause for Nagapanchami celebrations. Propitiating the snake god provides some psychological succour to the poor rural folk whose main occupation remains agriculture.
Apart from this, the festval also owes its origin to myriad legends and myths many of which can be traced back to the ancient Hindu Puranas.
Nag Panchami 2016 date is August 05. The festival of Naag Panchami is dedicated to worshiping snake lords and seek safety from their poisonous bites. On Naga Panchami in 2016, observe fast and follow the rituals to get blessings. Read on to know more about Nagpanchami festival.
Nag Panchami is among the list of famous Hindu festivals. It is celebrated on a large scale in almost all the parts of country. The regions of the country that celebrate Naag Panchami on a large scale are southern part of India, Maharashtra, and Bengal. India is a country where almost every creature has its own importance and treated as a deity. Nag Panchami is the one dedicated to worship, snakes. A day before, Nag Panchami is celebrated as Nagula Chavithi, and a day after, Naag Panchami is celebrated as Nag Shashthi.
Nag Panchami in 2016 will again be celebrated at a large scale, in almost all regions of the country. You can also offer prayers on this Naga Panchami in 2016 and get your wishes fulfilled.Nag Panchami 2016
The date for Nag Panchami in 2016 is August 05. As mentioned earlier, Naga Panchami is dedicated to worshiping the snakes, also called, Naga Devtas. On Naag Panchami in 2016, again a huge number of devotees will be worshiping the snakes and will get their blessings. Worshiping the snakes is a very old part of Indian tradition. Nag Panchmi is the day when all the people offer milk to the snakes, and in return they request for the safety of their lives.
The days of Nagula Chavithi and Nag Shashthi are also dedicated to the snake gods. Nagula Chavithi 2016 date is August, 04. It is celebrated on the fourth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) in Hindu month, Shravan. On the day of Nagula Chavithi, the devotees worship the seven headed god and milk is offered to him. Similarly, the sixth day of the Hindu month, Shravan is called Nag Shashthi. Nag Shasthi date in 2016 is August 06.
Hence, be ready for this Naag Panchmi in 2016 for receiving the blessings of the nine sacred snakes. Before proceeding toward celebrating the Naag Panchami in 2016, let’s have some more knowledge about the festival of Naag Panchmi.Nag Panchami: Nine Snakes To Be Worshiped
As per the Hindu scriptures, there are nine snakes that are to be worshiped on the day of Naga Panchami. Hence, on Naag Panchmi in 2016, you can also worship them and earn their blessings. These are:
As per the Hindu Calendar, Nag Panchami is celebrated on the fifth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of Hindu month, Shravan. It is said that no one should dig earth on the day of Naag Panchami. Along with this, on the day of Naga Panchami, it is also prohibited to plough a field. To dig a land, for laying a foundation, is also not considered good on the day of Nag Panchmi. It is said that the snakes live below earth and if the land is dig, it may hurt the snakes, who are considered as Gods.
Hence, on this Nag Panchami in 2016, try to avoid committing such things and please the snake gods on this Naga Panchami in 2016.Nag Panchami 2016: Worshiping The Snake Gods
On the occasion of Naag Panchami, people worship the snakes by offering milk, flowers, or sweets. Some people worship the live snakes, while some of the people worship the snakes in form of images or paintings. Sometimes, the idols of snakes are also worshiped on the occasion of Nag Panchami. Firstly, people give a bath to the images or the idols with water along with milk. After this, a Mantra is recited to complete the procedure of worshiping the snake gods. The Mantra is:
Devnagari Form of Mantra:
नाग प्रीता भवन्ति शान्तिमाप्नोति बिअ विबोह्
सशन्ति लोक मा साध्य मोदते सस्थित समः
Roman Form Of Mantra:
Naga preeta bhavanti shantimapnoti bia viboh
Sashanti lok ma sadhya modatey sasthit samah
So, do not forget to worship the snake gods on this Naag Panchmi in 2016, by reciting the above mentioned Mantra.Legends Of Nag Panchami
The festival of Nag Panchami has many legends associated with it. Let’s have a look at few of the legends of Naga Panchami, so that, there should be a sound knowledge about the reason, before celebrating the festival of Naag Panchami in 2016.
Legend Of Lord Krishna And Kalia Naga
It is said that once Lord Krishna was playing with his friends by the side of Yamuna river. While playing, the ball got stuck in a tree. Hence, Krishna decided to get down the ball from it. As he was trying to do so, he fell down in the river. People used to say that there lived a very poisonous and a big snake, Kalia. As soon as
Lord Krishna fall down in the river, Kalia Naga came to bite him.
However, Krishna had a fight with the snake and won over the battle. Kalia Naga requested Krishna not to kill him. Krishna accepted his request, but took a promise that he would leave the Yamuna river and will not harm people, anymore. Since then, the victory of Krishna over the serpent is celebrated as Nag Panchami.
Legend Of A Farmer And Serpent
As per the legend, there was a farmer who had two sons and a daughter. One day, while the farmer was ploughing the field, the children of snakes caught under it and died. The mother of those children, Nagini (female snake) decided to take revenge from them. While everyone fall asleep at night, the Nagini came and bit the farmer, his wife and the sons.
When next morning the Nagini came to bite the daughter of farmer, the girl put some milk in bowl to please her. The girl requested to forgive the farmer and others, as they committed the mistake, unknowingly. By this nice behavior of the girl, the female snake got happy and decided to give back life to farmer and his family members.
It is said that the incident happened on the fifth day of the Hindu month, Shravan. So, from that day onward, people worship snakes to keep themselves protected from the anger of snakes. Since then, the day is celebrated as Nag Panchami.Nag Panchami: Fast For The Day
On the day of Nag Panchami, the devotees keep the fast to honor the snake gods. As per the fasting method, the fast is kept till sunset. After this, Kheer (sweet rice porridge) is prepared and then, it is offered to the snake gods. Then, it is eaten by all the devotees as Prashad (sacred food). It is said that eating any fried food or salt is not allowed during the fast of Nagpanchami. All the rules are to be followed with firm dedication by all the devotees to get the blessings of the snake gods.
Hence, follow all the rules of fasting on this Nagpanchami in 2016 and be the one to earn blessings of snake gods.Rituals Of Nag Panchami
The rituals of the day of Nag Panchami are followed with great devotion and belief. However, there are different rituals in different parts of the country. Like, in Punjab, a big statue of snake is created and it is being taken in different villages of Punjab. There, people worship it and give a bath of milk to the idol, also offer scented flowers to the idol. People dance and sing along with the parade of idol. At the end, the idol is being buried and the ritual comes to an end.
As per the rituals of Maharashtra, the snake charmers carry the snakes in snake pots. Women offer flowers, Haldi (turmeric powder), Sindoor (vermilion) and milk to those snakes. The snake charmers also carry the cobras along with them, to the temple. There, people worship them with full devotion.
The rituals of Nag Panchami have always been the same, as always. Hence, on Nag Panchami in 2016 people would again follow the same rituals and become the part of this grand celebration on Naag Panchami in 2016.Nag Panchami Celebrations
The day of Naag Panchami is celebrated in almost all the regions of the country. At some places, people worship the live snakes. Offering of milk and turmeric powder to the snake gods, comprises the part of Nagpanchami celebrations.
People often worship the snakes by bathing them with milk, to seek their blessings and to get safety from their bites. In parts of West Bengal, Orissa and Assam, the goddess of serpents, Goddess Mansa, is worshiped. However, in Karnataka the close bonding of a brother and sister is celebrated on Nagpanchami.
Hopefully, this information on Naga Panchami will help you to celebrate the Nag Panchami in 2016 festival with more dedication and devotion. Follow all the rituals and ways to please the snake gods on this Naag Panchami in 2016.
Nag Panchami festival is celebrated on August 7 and it usually falls on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of the lunar day in the month of Sravana during the monsoon season. This auspicious festival is also called as Garuda Panchami which means a royal eagle is the enemy of the snake. Worshiping Garuda will always protect the devotees from all snakes. ALSO READ: Nag Panchami 2016 Puja Vidhi: Know the Auspicious timings and Puja Muhurat of Nag Panchami festival
It is said that people all over the world celebrate Nag Panchami as this day was the victory of Lord Krishna over Kaliya who was basically a huge black serpent that was killed by Krishna in the Yamuna river. The story is called as the “Kaliya Mardan”. Nag Panchami falls in the month of July or August and in 2016 it will be celebrated on August 7. Nag Panchami is celebrated after two days of hariyali Teej which is a day where women pray for the well-being of their brothers and other family members.
Although there are several serpent Gods, following twelve are worshiped during Nag Panchami Puja –
Other popular areas of worship during the Nag Panchami include:
* Adiesha Temple in Andhra Pradesh
* Nagaraja Temple in Kerala
* Nagathamman Temple in Chennai
* Hardevja Temple in Jaipur.
The festival celebrates during the rainy months. Nag Panchami observed on the Shukla Paksha Panchami during Shravan month is highly propitious.
Published Date: August 6, 2016 8:01 PM IST | Updated Date: August 6, 2016 8:02 PM IST
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There are a lot of myths and stories that go along with why this day is dedicated to snakes and why they are prayed upon. According to mythology, a deadly snake Kalia had been poisoning the river Yamuna and it had become difficult for the brijwasis to drink any water. Krishna, as a child Avatar of Lord Vishnu, one day on the pretext of a ball falling down in the river has a tussle with Kalia and eventually defeats him. Kalia takes away all the poison from the river and Krishna in return blesses him that on this day of Panchami whosoever will offer milk and prayers to the snakes, will get expiated of any hardships in times to come. Thus from then onwards the day was celebrated as Nagpanchami day.Nag Panchami strengthens bonds between brothers & sisters
In South India, this day is celebrated to strengthen the bonds between the brother and sister. On this day as important ritual sisters rub milk or ghee on the back, spine and navel of brothers by sisters. The folklore goes like this that there was a brother-sister duo. The little girl asks her brother to get some Ketaki (screwpine) flower for Naga Puja. Ketaki is popularly offered to Nagraj the Snake God while performing prayers.Significance of milk
Unfortunately, the brother dies due to a snake bite while in search of Ketaki. The sister then prays and performs fast and propitiates Nagaraja to take the poison away and the brother is brought back to life. The sister therefore, rubs the ointment on her brothers back to protect them from any hardships in times to come. The rubbing of the milk also signifies their umbilical connection and strengths the love between a brother and sister. On this day in few areas, brother visits his married sister and she applies milk or ghee on their back, navel etc. and prays for his long life.Legend of Samudra Manthan
Another myth that goes with the festivity is that during Samudra Manthan. Here, Lord Shiva drank all the poison that came out from the churning of the sea. However, in the whole process few drops did fell on the ground and were drunk by snakes. People pray to snakes so that they and their families are spared of their wrath.Snake adorning Lord Shiva
A snake also adorns the neck of Lord Shiva and has a lot of spiritual significance too. The three coils around Shiva is also the indication of the past, present and the future. It also signifies that the Shakti / kundalini energy finally dances around Shiva, while Shiva the omnipresent is static. A five hooded Snake also surrounds the shivlingam again indicating the culmination and protection of the yin and yang energies; the materialistic and the spiritual combination.SheshNag for Lord Vishnu
If a snake adorns the neck of Shiva, then Lord Vishnu is also signified as sleeping on the bed of SheshNag a five hooded snake on whom Lord Vishnu reclines.Activation of the root chakra
The activation of the kundalini is signified by the coiled serpent rising up from the root chakra or the mooladhara chakra to high up. As the mediator/ Sadhak evolve spiritually, and as the energy rises up opening up more and more energy centre, snakes appear in their visions signifying their spiritual progress.Kal Sarp Dosha and Nag Panchami
Astrologically too, the horoscopes which are generally in the grasp of the Rahu and Ketu nodes commonly known as the Kal Sarp Dosha has a lot of importance on this day. The head of the snake is Rahu and its tail is Ketu and when the planets fall in between them they are considered to be in their grip. It is said offering a pair of snakes made in silver to the Shivlingam helps in expiating the effect of this dosha.Propitiating snakes for protection against Kal Sarp Dosh
Kal sarpa dosha is formed when all the planets fall on one side of Rahu (head)- Ketu (tail) nexus. It is believed that they negate the impacts of other planets for these planets are relatively imprisoned by their energies. Since Shiva is known for taking away poison (miseries) from life, by offering snakes one is seeking protection from him to expiate their problems. Therefore anyone who has been suffering from this dosha also does special prayers to the Snake God and to the Shivlingam.The Nagdwar Yatra
During Nag Panchami, earthen representations of snakes are made and prayers are performed on them. Some even offer milk to live snakes in order to get their blessings. Nag Panchami is celebrated all over India and has special significance in the different parts of the country. In Nagpur, the people from the city undertake Nagdwar Yatra to Pachmarhi which is considered to be quite tough and arduous one.Celebrating Nag Panchami in Ujjain
In Ujjain, in the Mahakaleshwar Mandir, on the third floor resides the Nagchandreshwar Mahadev. On Nag Panchami, the doors to this deity afe opened which is followed by a huge celebration throughout the city.Benefits of praying to Snakes
Snakes have had a lot of revered and holy references in Hindu mythology and scriptures and it is said that praying to them on this day protects a person from unnecessary fears in life and brings about good health, wealth, peace and prosperity in life. For Spiritual seekers too, this is considered to be an extremely auspicious day. Meditating on the mooladhar chakra helps one achieve peace and happiness in life.Pacify your Kalsarp Dosh with Nag Panchami Puja